Learn More
The extent to which large duplications and deletions contribute to human genetic variation and diversity is unknown. Here, we show that large-scale copy number polymorphisms (CNPs) (about 100 kilobases and greater) contribute substantially to genomic variation between normal humans. Representational oligonucleotide microarray analysis of 20 individuals(More)
One of the enigmas in tumor biology is that different types of cancers are prevalent in different age groups. One possible explanation is that the ability of a specific oncogene to cause tumorigenesis in a particular cell type depends on epigenetic parameters such as the developmental context. To address this hypothesis, we have used the tetracycline(More)
Numerous investigations have shown that in primary breast adenocarcinomas DNA aneuploidy in contrast to DNA diploidy indicates high malignancy potential. On the basis of the study of 104 breast carcinomas, we describe a subtype of aneuploidy, which demonstrates a low degree of malignancy. In image cytometric DNA histograms, this subtype possessed a low(More)
Deregulation of cyclin E expression has been associated with a broad spectrum of human malignancies. Analysis of DNA replication in cells constitutively expressing cyclin E at levels similar to those observed in a subset of tumor-derived cell lines indicates that initiation of replication and possibly fork movement are severely impaired. Such cells show a(More)
Separase is a protease whose liberation from its inhibitory chaperone Securin triggers sister chromatid disjunction at anaphase onset in yeast by cleaving cohesin's kleisin subunit. We have created conditional knockout alleles of the mouse Separase and Securin genes. Deletion of both copies of Separase but not Securin causes embryonic lethality. Loss of(More)
Although agents which act in a cell cycle phase specific manner are commonly used in the clinic and in basic research, it is as yet unclear why these agents are cytotoxic. In this paper, we examine the cellular events associated with the cytotoxicity of aphidicolin and vincristine in CHO strain AA8 cells. Cell killing resulting from aphidicolin treatment(More)
Proliferating serum-dependent 3T3 cells prolong their intermitotic time by 9-10 h after exposure to serum-free medium for only 1 h. This delay was only observed in cells younger than 4 h, i.e. cells in the postmitotic G1 phase (G1pm), as defined by time elapsed since previous mitosis. These data confirm earlier findings that cells are very sensitive to(More)
UNLABELLED PROBER is an oligonucleotide primer design software application that designs multiple primer pairs for generating PCR probes useful for fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH). PROBER generates Tiling Oligonucleotide Probes (TOPs) by masking repetitive genomic sequences and delineating essentially unique regions that can be amplified to yield(More)
Faithful replication and DNA repair are vital for maintenance of genome integrity. RAD51 is a central protein in homologous recombination repair and during replication, when it protects and restarts stalled replication forks. Aberrant RAD51 expression occurs in glioma, and high expression has been shown to correlate with prolonged survival. Furthermore,(More)
In order to explore whether specific cytogenetic abnormalities can be used to stratify tumors with a distinctly different clinical course, we performed comparative genomic hybridization (CGH) of tumors from patients who were diagnosed with metastatic disease after an interval of less than 2 years or who remained free from distant metastases for more than 10(More)