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Protein design experiments have shown that the use of specific subsets of amino acids can produce foldable proteins. This prompts the question of whether there is a minimal amino acid alphabet which could be used to fold all proteins. In this work we make an analogy between sequence patterns which produce foldable sequences and those which make it possible(More)
Experimental protein-protein interaction (PPI) networks are increasingly being exploited in diverse ways for biological discovery. Accordingly, it is vital to discern their underlying natures by identifying and classifying the various types of deterministic (specific) and probabilistic (nonspecific) interactions detected. To this end, we have analyzed PPI(More)
BACKGROUND Small-molecule docking is an important tool in studying receptor-ligand interactions and in identifying potential drug candidates. Previously, we developed a software tool (DOVIS) to perform large-scale virtual screening of small molecules in parallel on Linux clusters, using AutoDock 3.05 as the docking engine. DOVIS enables the seamless(More)
Protein domain prediction is often the preliminary step in both experimental and computational protein research. Here we present a new method to predict the domain boundaries of a multidomain protein from its amino acid sequence using a fuzzy mean operator. Using the nr-sequence database together with a reference protein set (RPS) containing known domain(More)
Identification of canonical pathways through enrichment of differentially expressed genes in a given pathway is a widely used method for interpreting gene lists generated from high-throughput experimental studies. However, most algorithms treat pathways as sets of genes, disregarding any inter- and intra-pathway connectivity information, and do not provide(More)
γ-Glutamyl transpeptidase (GGT) is a two-substrate enzyme that plays a central role in glutathione metabolism and is a potential target for drug design. GGT catalyzes the cleavage of γ-glutamyl donor substrates and the transfer of the γ-glutamyl moiety to an amine of an acceptor substrate or water. Although structures of bacterial GGT have revealed details(More)
Human paraoxonase (HuPON1) is a serum enzyme that exhibits a broad spectrum of hydrolytic activities, including the hydrolysis of various organophosphates, esters, and recently identified lactone substrates. Despite intensive site-directed mutagenesis and other biological studies, the structural basis for the specificity of substrate interactions of HuPON1(More)
Temperature-based replica-exchange molecular dynamics (REMD), in which multiple simultaneous simulations, or replicas, are run at a range of temperatures, has become increasingly popular for exploring the energy landscape of biomolecular systems. The practical application of REMD toward systems of biomedical interest is often limited by the rapidly(More)
We characterized and evaluated the functional attributes of three yeast high-confidence protein-protein interaction data sets derived from affinity purification/mass spectrometry, protein-fragment complementation assay, and yeast two-hybrid experiments. The interacting proteins retrieved from these data sets formed distinct, partially overlapping sets with(More)
Recently, we developed a simple analytical model based on local residue packing densities and the distribution of tertiary contacts for describing the conformational fluctuations of proteins in their folded state. This so-called Gaussian network model (GNM) is applied here to the interpretation of experimental hydrogen exchange (HX) behavior of proteins in(More)