Anders Wallenius

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Transforming growth factor-β (TGFβ) can be both a tumor promoter and suppressor, although the mechanisms behind the protumorigenic switch remain to be fully elucidated. The TGFβ type I receptor (TβRI) is proteolytically cleaved in the ectodomain region. Cleavage requires the combined activities of tumor necrosis factor (TNF) receptor-associated factor 6(More)
Cancer cells produce high levels of TGFβ, a multipotent cytokine. Binding of TGFβ to its cell surface receptors, the transmembrane serine/threonine kinases TβRII and TβRI, causes phosphorylation and activation of intracellular latent Smad transcription factors. Nuclear Smads act in concert with specific transcription factors to reprogram epithelial cells to(More)
Compounds acting on the cannabinoid (CB) receptors are involved in the control of cell fate, and there is an emerging consensus that CBs have anticancer effects. However, the CB-mediated effects are contradictory since some studies suggest stimulatory effects on cancer cell proliferation, and CBs have been shown to stimulate both proliferation and(More)
To create antibody diversity, B lymphocyte development is characterized by the ordered rearrangement of first immunoglobulin (Ig) heavy chain gene segments and then Ig light-chain gene segments. Early in B-cell development, expression of a pre-B-cell receptor (pre-BCR) composed of membrane-bound Ig heavy chain protein associated with surrogate light-chain(More)
B-lymphocytes can modify their immunoglobulin (Ig) genes to generate specific antibodies with a new isotype and enhanced affinity against an antigen. Activation-induced cytidine deaminase (AID), which is positively regulated by the transcription factor E2A, is the key enzyme that initiates these processes by deaminating cytosine to uracil in Ig genes.(More)
Genomic uracil is a DNA lesion but also an essential key intermediate in adaptive immunity. In B cells, activation-induced cytidine deaminase deaminates cytosine to uracil (U:G mispairs) in Ig genes to initiate antibody maturation. Uracil-DNA glycosylases (UDGs) such as uracil N-glycosylase (UNG), single strand-selective monofunctional uracil-DNA(More)
Differentiation of B lymphocytes into Ab-secreting plasmablasts and plasma cells is Ag driven. The interaction of Ag with the membrane-bound Ab of the BCR is critical in determining which clones enter the plasma cell response. However, not much is known about the coupling between BCR activation and the shift in transcription factor network from that of a B(More)
Upon encountering antigens, B-lymphocytes can adapt to produce a highly specific and potent antibody response. Somatic hypermutation, which introduces point mutations in the variable regions of antibody genes, can increase the affinity for antigen, and antibody effector functions can be altered by class switch recombination (CSR), which changes the(More)
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