Anders Ostberg

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The modes of retinal and tectal histogenesis, as well as the patterns of terminal distribution of optic axons in larval Xenopus were studied, using anatomical techniques. We show that the retina grows by adding strips of cells at its ciliary margin. The pattern of retinal growth is asymmetrical along the dorso-ventral axis of the retina. On the other hand,(More)
The end-plate of a mammalian skeletal muscle fibre is innervated by several axons at the time of birth but by only one axon in the adult. In the rat soleus muscle the transition from polyneuronal to single innervation occurs during the first 2-3 weeks after birth. While it is evident that the loss of the excess nerve terminals depends to some extent on(More)
The rat superior cervical sympathetic ganglion (SCG) has about 36,000 neurones in a volume of about 1 cu.mm. There are about 8.8 X 10(6) synapses, and 6000-9000 preganglionic axons. Section of the preganglionic chain causes a loss of 93% of the synapses. In the denervated SCG there are 0.6 X 10(6) remaining ('intrinsic') synapses, and a proportion of the(More)
The processes of degeneration and reinnervation in the optic tectum of Xenopus laevis have been detailed by quantitative ultrastructural analysis. The tecta were denervated either permanently, by removing the contralateral eye, or temporarily, by cutting the optic tract. After denervation the total number of synapses decreases rapidly within 4 days of a(More)
In this study peripheral nerves from flexor digitorum longus, (alien nerve) as well as the deep branch of the muscle's own lateral popliteal nerve were cut and connected to the distal stump of the lateral popliteal nerve. Extensor digitorum longus and tibialis anterior muscles then became reinnervated to a similar extent by either nerve, showing no(More)
1. The mechanism responsible for the elimination of polyneuronal innervation in developing rat soleus muscles was studied electrophysiologically and histologically. 2. Initially all the axons contacting a single end-plate have simple bulbous terminals. As elimination proceeds one axon develops terminal branches while the other terminals remain bulbous and(More)
1. A quantitative analysis has been made of the characteristics of granular vesicles in different parts of normal and ligated post-ganglionic sympathetic neurones supplying the cat spleen. The least diameter of the vesicle membrane and its electron-dense core was measured from electron micrographs with an automated particle size analyser.2. Vesicles of(More)
OBJECTIVE To study the prevalence of lens opacities in a well-defined Swedish population. DESIGN Population-based cross-sectional study. PARTICIPANTS Seven hundred inhabitants of the town of Skövde, Sweden were randomly selected and invited to an ophthalmologic examination. Invited persons were 70 to 84 years old and were assigned to 1 of 3 age groups:(More)
1. The effects of a single dose of 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA) compared with those of chronic reserpine treatment were studied in lamb sympathetic neurones and adrenal medulla by a combination of fluorescence histochemistry, electron microscopy and radiochemical assay.2. In sympathetic ganglia, 6-OHDA produced a rise in noradrenaline concentration within 24(More)