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Severe Plasmodium falciparum malaria is characterized by excessive sequestration of infected and uninfected erythrocytes in the microvasculature of the affected organ. Rosetting, the adhesion of P. falciparum-infected erythrocytes to uninfected erythrocytes is a virulent parasite phenotype associated with the occurrence of severe malaria. Here we report on(More)
PURPOSE Long-distance running events enjoy increasing popularity in all ages. Whereas the health benefits of regular moderate exercise are undisputed, the net health effects of single or repeated participation in endurance events of marathon type remain to be determined. We wanted to investigate performance trends over time and the relationship between race(More)
BACKGROUND Prolonged exercise can induce cardiac fatigue, which is characterized by biomarker release and impaired myocardial function. The impact on ventricular electrophysiology is largely unknown. OBJECTIVE The objective of this study was to examine changes in ventricular repolarization after a 30-km cross-country race in runners aged >or=55 years. (More)
Elderly female hypertensives with arterial stiffening constitute a majority of patients with heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF), a condition characterized by inability to increase cardiac stroke volume (SV) with physical exercise. As SV is determined by the interaction between the left ventricle (LV) and its load, we wished to study the(More)
Cardiac biomarkers play an important role in the diagnosis of cardiovascular disease. Elevated levels can be seen in the context of strenuous exercise. We studied this phenomenon in senior endurance runners. We included 185 participants (61.1 +/- 5 years; 29% women) at a 30-km cross-country race who were self-reportedly in excellent health. Before and after(More)
BACKGROUND Prolonged exercise has been shown to lead to elevated levels of cardiac troponin and altered cardiac function on echocardiography. It is not known if cardiac synchrony is altered by prolonged exercise. The aims of this study were to assess changes in intra-left ventricular mechanical synchrony and circulating levels of cardiac troponin following(More)
Abnormal vascular-ventricular coupling has been suggested to contribute to heart failure with preserved ejection fraction in elderly females. Failure to increase stroke volume (SV) during exercise occurs in parallel with dynamic changes in arterial physiology leading to increased afterload. Such adverse vascular reactivity during stress may reflect either(More)
Exercise can lead to release of biomarkers such as cardiac troponin T (cTnT) and N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP), a poorly understood phenomenon proposed to especially occur with high-intensity exercise in less trained subjects. We hypothesised that haemodynamic perturbations during exercise are larger in athletes with cTnT release, and(More)
Cardiac biomarker release after endurance exercise has been described in young athletes. Although older athletes are increasingly active in such sports, they have not previously been studied. Therefore, the aim of this study was to assess the magnitude and reproducibility of biomarker release in athletes aged > or =55 years. Forty-three healthy athletes(More)
To investigate the role of 2D-transthoracic echocardiography (2D-TTE) and 3D-transesophageal echocardiography (3D-TEE) in the determination of aortic annulus size prior transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) and its' impact on the prevalence of patient prosthesis mismatch (PPM). Echocardiography plays an important role in measuring aortic annulus(More)