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The first druglike selective angiotensin II AT(2) receptor agonist (21) with a K(i) value of 0.4 nM for the AT(2) receptor and a K(i) > 10 microM for the AT(1) receptor is reported. Compound 21, with a bioavailability of 20-30% after oral administration and a half-life estimated to 4 h in rat, induces outgrowth of neurite cells, stimulates p42/p44(mapk),(More)
The effective permeability (Peff) in the human jejunum (in vivo) of 22 structurally diverse compounds was correlated with both experimentally determined lipophilicity values and calculated molecular descriptors. The permeability data were previously obtained by using a regional in vivo perfusion system in the proximal jejunum in humans as part of(More)
We have analysed how cholesterol and transmembrane proteins in phospholipid bilayers modulate drug partitioning into the bilayers. For this purpose we determined the chromatographic retention of drugs on liposomes or proteoliposomes entrapped in gel beads. The drug retention per phospholipid amount (the capacity factor Ks) reflects the drug partitioning.(More)
This study describes the generation of a three-dimensional quantitative structure activity relationship (3D-QSAR) model for 29 structurally diverse, competitive CYP2C9 inhibitors defined experimentally from an initial data set of 73 compounds. In parallel, a homology model for CYP2C9 using the rabbit CYP2C5 coordinates was built. For molecules with a known(More)
Ribose-5-phosphate isomerases (EC 5.3.1.6) inter-convert ribose-5-phosphate and ribulose-5-phosphate. This reaction allows the synthesis of ribose from other sugars, as well a means for salvage of carbohydrates after nucleotide breakdown. Two unrelated types of enzyme are known to catalyze the isomerization. The most common one, RpiA, is present in almost(More)
We report high-throughput structure-based virtual screening of putative Flavivirus 2'-O-methyltransferase inhibitors together with results from subsequent bioassay tests of selected compounds. Potential inhibitors for the S-adenosylmethionine binding site were explored using 2D similarity searching, pharmacophore filtering and docking. The inhibitory(More)
We have investigated the influence of post-filtering virtual screening results, with pharmacophoric features generated from an X-ray structure, on enrichment rates. This was performed using three docking softwares, zdock+, Surflex and FRED, as virtual screening tools and pharmacophores generated in UNITY from co-crystallized complexes. Sets of known actives(More)
Mycobacterium tuberculosis glutamine synthetase (MtGS) is a promising target for antituberculosis drug discovery. In a recent high-throughput screening study we identified several classes of MtGS inhibitors targeting the ATP-binding site. We now explore one of these classes, the 2-tert-butyl-4,5-diarylimidazoles, and present the design, synthesis, and X-ray(More)
Four tripeptides corresponding to the C-terminal region of angiotensin II were synthesized. One of these peptides (Ac-His-Pro-Ile) showed moderate binding affinity for the AT2 receptor. Two aromatic histidine-related scaffolds were synthesized and introduced in the tripeptides to give eight new peptidomimetic structures. Three of the new peptide-derived(More)
In an effort to develop a new type of HCV NS3 peptidomimetic inhibitor, a series of tripeptide inhibitors incorporating a mix of alpha- and beta-amino acids has been synthesized. To understand the structural implications of beta-amino acid substitution, the P(1), P(2), and P(3) positions of a potent tripeptide scaffold were scanned and combined with(More)