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Despite its relevance to the physiology of lymph formation and propulsion, the instantaneous flow velocity in single lymphatic capillaries has not been measured to date. The method of fluorescence recovery after photobleaching (FRAP) was adapted for this purpose and used to characterize flow in the lymphatic capillaries in tail skin of anesthetized mice(More)
Chronic venous insufficiency is the result of an impairment of the main venous conduits, causing microvascular changes. The driving force responsible for the alterations in the microcirculation is probably the intermittently raised pressure propagated from the deep system into the capillaries. The capillaries are dilated, elongated and tortuous and their(More)
Despite a clinically recognized association between the lymphatics and metastasis, the biology of tumor-lymphatic interaction is not clearly understood. We report here that functional lymphatic capillaries are absent from the interior of a solid tumor, despite the presence within the tumor of the lymphangiogenic molecule vascular endothelial growth factor(More)
In an overview the microvascular involvement in chronic venous insufficiency (CVI) is described. Microangiopathy in the lower leg areas is characterized by the presence of typical enlarged and ramified blood capillaries, reduced capillary number, microvascular thrombosis and obliterations, and/or increased permeability of microlymphatics. Transcutaneous(More)
PURPOSE To define the prevalence of popliteal artery occlusion during active plantar flexion in normally active and highly trained young volunteers by measuring plantar flexion force and to assess the force level associated with popliteal artery occlusion. METHODS Eighty-four limbs of 42 healthy subjects were studied. Eighteen subjects were highly trained(More)
The lymphatic clearance of the human skin at the instep of the foot was measured in 20 healthy volunteers (mean age +/- SD 33.8 +/- 10.5 years). Ten microliters of fluorescein isothiocyanate-dextran 150,000 were injected intradermally and the fluorescent light intensity of the deposit was measured 10 min and 24 h after injection by window densitometry.(More)
The present study had two goals: 1) to establish an animal model in which a large network of the initial lymphatics of the skin can be investigated in vivo and 2) to measure effective flow velocity (defined as axial component of the flow velocity) in the lymph capillary network of the skin for the first time. A fluorescence microlymphography technique was(More)
The aim of the present study was to assess the influence of venous and lymphatic congestion on lymph capillary pressure (LCP) in the skin of the foot dorsum of healthy volunteers and of patients with lymph edema. LCP was measured at the foot dorsum of 12 patients with lymph edema and 18 healthy volunteers using the servo-nulling technique. Glass(More)
BACKGROUND The aim of the study was to review early and long term clinical results of percutaneous thrombo-embolectomy in patients with acute embolic occlusions of the infrainguinal arteries. METHODS Retrospective analysis of consecutive cases. A total of 88 procedures in 84 patients were performed between 1986 and 1996 in a University Hospital (46 men,(More)