Anders Holmström

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Whether desflurane and sevoflurane have clinical advantages over isoflurane in neuroanesthesia is much debated. A porcine model was used for comparison of desflurane and sevoflurane with isoflurane with respect to their cerebrovascular effects. The minimal alveolar concentration (MAC) of each of the three agents was first determined in a standardized manner(More)
BACKGROUND Clinical use of desflurane in neuroanesthesia remains under debate. Comparison of dose-dependent vasodilatory properties between desflurane and isoflurane, the more traditional volatile agent for clinical neuroanesthesia, requires equianesthetic dosing of the agents. Reproducible neurophysiological measurements of the level of anesthesia in an(More)
BACKGROUND In clinical neuroanaesthesia, the increase in cerebral blood flow (CBF) and intracranial pressure caused by the cerebral vasodilative effects of an inhalational anaesthetic agent is counteracted by the cerebral vasoconstriction induced by hypocapnia. Desflurane and sevoflurane may have advantages over the more traditionally used isoflurane in(More)
BACKGROUND The use of sevoflurane in neuroanesthesia is still under debate. Comparison of dose-dependent vasodilatory properties between sevoflurane and isoflurane, the more traditional neuroanesthetic agent, requires comparable dosing of the agents. A-line autoregressive index (AAI) provides reproducible individual measurement of anesthetic depth. (More)
Desflurane and sevoflurane may have advantages over isoflurane in neuroanesthesia, but this is still under debate. A porcine model with experimental intracranial hypertension was used for paired comparison of desflurane, sevoflurane, and isoflurane with respect to the effects on cerebral blood flow (CBF), cerebrovascular resistance (CVR), and intracranial(More)
Algorithms for derivative free optimization are overviewed, summarized and examined. Among the methods studied are Quasi Newton methods, the Nelder Mead Simplex algorithm, the Multidirectional search algorithm, Trust-region methods, the Response surface methodology and Model based optimization. A best and worst choice has been indicated for problems with(More)
BACKGROUND Fibreoptic laryngotracheoscopy via the laryngeal mask airway-previously reported in adults but not in children-gives a better endoscopic view of the upper airway than does endoscopy via an endotracheal tube. METHOD The endoscopic procedure was carried out via a size 2 laryngeal mask in 4 spontaneously breathing children between 1 and 6 years(More)
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