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BACKGROUND The proportion of Swedish schoolchildren that reports psychosomatic complaints has increased during recent decades, parallel to major structural changes in Swedish society. AIM To investigate the association of psychosomatic complaints in relation to household socio-economic conditions. METHODS Cross-sectional study based on data from child(More)
INTRODUCTION Smoking during pregnancy has been reported to be associated with a twofold to fourfold increased risk of attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in the offspring. Genetic and socioeconomic confounders may contribute to this association. The aim of this study was to investigate the association between fetal exposure to maternal smoking(More)
OBJECTIVE Previous studies have demonstrated an increased risk for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in follow-up studies of preterm survivors from NICUs. In this study we analyzed the effect of moderate as well as extreme preterm birth on the risk for ADHD in school age, taking into account genetic, perinatal, and socioeconomic confounders.(More)
BACKGROUND Recent reports have indicated that immigrants have an elevated risk of schizophrenia as well as an increasing tendency for social exclusion. The aim of this study was to compare rates of schizophrenia and other psychoses in immigrants and their children of different ethnic groups with the majority population in Sweden in relation to social(More)
BACKGROUND It is difficult to carry out fair comparisons of the mortality of different ethnic groups in a population in register-based studies because sizeable numbers of immigrants who subsequently leave their new homeland fail to register this fact with the national registration authorities. In this article we present a method which attempts to address(More)
BACKGROUND Growing up with one parent has become increasingly common, and seems to entail disadvantages in terms of socioeconomic circumstances and health. We aimed to investigate differences in mortality, severe morbidity, and injury between children living in households with one adult and those living in households with two adults. METHODS In this(More)
The association of attention-deficit-hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) with bullying in the peer group in school was studied in an entire population of 577 fourth graders (10-year-olds) in one municipality in Stockholm, Sweden. The schoolchildren were screened for ADHD in a two-step procedure that included Conners'ratings of behavioural problems: teacher and(More)
BACKGROUND This paper addresses the extent to which equity of treatment according to need, as defined by self-reported health status, is received by members of ethnic minorities in Swedish health services. METHODS The study was based on a multivariate analysis of cross-sectional data from the Swedish Survey of Living Conditions and Immigrant Survey of(More)
BACKGROUND Earlier studies have given conflicting results regarding the effect of exposure to tobacco smoke on atopic sensibilization. METHODS A cross-sectional study of present and former smoking habits in relation to atopic disorders from data on 6909 young and middle-aged adults (16-49 years) and their 4472 children (3-15 years) from the Swedish Survey(More)
BACKGROUND Asthma and allergies are less common in children who have been raised in farming environments. OBJECTIVES To assess whether children who grow up in a farming environment have been protected against the general increase in atopic disorders in Sweden and whether other rural environments could also be protective. METHOD Linkage at an individual(More)