Learn More
Immediate maternal and fetal cardiovascular responses to different doses of nicotine and carbon monoxide were studied in 24 pregnant smokers. A noninvasive pulsed Doppler ultrasound technique was used for measuring fetal blood flow in the descending thoracic aorta, the intra-abdominal part of the umbilical vein, and in the umbilical artery. Maternal plasma(More)
The ECFS-CTN Standardisation Committee has undertaken this review of lung clearance index as part of the group's work on evaluation of clinical endpoints with regard to their use in multicentre clinical trials in CF. The aims were 1) to review the literature on reliability, validity and responsiveness of LCI in patients with CF, 2) to gain consensus of the(More)
The median age of the population with cystic fibrosis (CF) has increased worldwide, which has led to the suggestion that the prevalence of liver disease would increase. The aim of this study was to evaluate the natural history of CF-associated liver disease over a 15-year period in a well-controlled population of patients with CF. During the years 1976(More)
The authors examined the expression of cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) and its relationship to histopathological changes in cystic fibrosis (CF) liver tissue. Immunohistochemistry was used to examine expression of CFTR, intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) and liver cell-type markers in liver cryosections in 11 patients with(More)
Human B and T lymphocytes differ in the rate of cell proliferation and frequency of sister chromatid exchange (SCE) when cultured separately in short-term cultures. This difference could theoretically be responsible for part of the variation in the SCE-frequency previously observed among healthy subjects since there is individual variation in the proportion(More)
The black-pigmented fungus Exophiala dermatitidis is considered to be a harmless colonizer of the airways of cystic fibrosis (CF) patients. The aim of this study was to establish the recovery rate of E. dermatitidis in respiratory specimens from CF patients, transplant recipients, and subjects with other respiratory disorders in Sweden. Second, we wished to(More)
BACKGROUND Chronic Pseudomonas aeruginosa (PA) infection causes increased morbidity and mortality in cystic fibrosis (CF). This study aimed to answer the following questions: Does the prevalence of chronic infection with PA differ between the CF centres in Scandinavia? Which differences exist concerning segregation and treatment of PA? METHODS 989(More)
Many children with cystic fibrosis (CF), receiving modern, aggressive CF care, have normal spirometry results. This study aimed to see if homogeneity of ventilation distribution is impaired early in the course of CF lung disease, and if ventilation inhomogeneity is a more frequent finding than abnormal spirometry in children benefiting from modern CF care.(More)
BACKGROUND A study was undertaken to compare the ability of computed tomographic (CT) scores and pulmonary function tests to detect changes in lung disease in children and adults with cystic fibrosis (CF). METHODS CT scans and pulmonary function tests were retrospectively studied in a cohort of patients with CF aged 5-52 years for whom two or three CT(More)
UNLABELLED The aim of the study was to evaluate three serological methods for their ability to identify CF patients in different infection status especially those at risk of developing chronic Pseudomonas aeruginosa (Pa) infection. METHODS Two ELISA methods: exotoxin A (ExoA) and CF-IgG-ELISA (CF-IgG) and Crossed Immunoelectrophoresis (CIE) were used for(More)