Anders Dahlström

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Twenty-two smoking mothers and their healthy newborn infants (mean postnatal age of 3.7 days) were studied in the maternity ward. A close correlation was found (r = 0.94) between nicotine concentrations in the mothers' plasma and milk after smoking, the milk: plasma ratio being 2.9. The amount of nicotine transferred to the infant increased from 0.09 to(More)
AIM To study exposure to nicotine in breastfed infants in relation to parental smoking habits. MATERIAL AND METHODS Forty mother-infant pairs were studied. Twenty non-smoking mothers, 18 smoking (2-20 cigarettes per day) and two snuff-taking mothers were included. All infants were healthy, exclusively breastfed and their postnatal age was 6 wk. During a(More)
AIM To study the effects of postnatal exposure to nicotine on the regulation of heart rate and blood pressure in infants. SUBJECTS AND METHODS Thirty-eight mother-infant pairs were studied. Twenty nonsmoking and 18 smoking (2-20 cigarettes per day) mothers were included. All infants were healthy, exclusively breastfed and their postnatal age was 6 weeks.(More)
Randomised trials have shown exogenous surfactant therapy to reduce mortality and morbidity among very low birthweight (VLBW) infants with respiratory distress syndrome (RDS). Surfactant therapy is normally given to infants on mechanical ventilation. In the Stockholm area, 12 VLBW infants born after 27-30 gestational weeks and suffering from RDS were(More)
Doppler velocimetry for assessment of flow in deep cerebral arteries was investigated in 9 term and 11 preterm healthy infants. A combined range gated and continuous wave Doppler instrument was used. A satisfactory reproducibility was found with a variation coefficient of 8-10% between repeated measurements. No systematic difference between examiners or(More)
BACKGROUND Enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli (ETEC) and enteropathogenic Escherichia coli (EPEC) are important causes of diarrhoea in young children and are associated with significant mortality rates. Passive immunization with antibodies from immunized cows has previously been shown to be effective as prophylaxis against E. coli-induced diarrhoea and(More)
BACKGROUND Serologic methods to detect Helicobacter pylori in infants, especially in developing countries, may be limited because of decreased immune response caused by malnutrition. The true prevalence may therefore be underestimated in this age group. Urea breath test is considered to be a good screening method in children but is expensive and therefore(More)
On many newborns in Sweden routine samples of blood are taken from the umbilical cord after birth to measure the acid-base balance. These tests were introduced with the aim to objectively measure the well-being and stress levels of the newborn. The information was to be used as a measurement of quality of care, for research and as a tool to help guide(More)
The diagnostic power of the heart volume and the cardiothoracic ratio in congenital heart disease in neonates has been compared. A consecutive series of 130 children with suspicion of heart disease examined radiologically at between 48 h and 15 days of age were followed for 14 +/- 10 months. Of these, 16 (12%) were diagnosed as having congenital heart(More)