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The present study demonstrates the occurrence of substance P (SP)- and calcitonin gene related peptide (CGRP)-immunoreactive nerve fibres in bone, bone marrow, periosteum, synovial membrane and soft tissues adjacent to the bone. The distribution pattern of the two types of nerves was similar, although the CGRP-positive fibres generally were more numerous.(More)
The occurrence of autonomic nerves in the lumbar spine of rats was investigated by immunohistochemical technique. Both peptidergic nerves, represented by immunoreactivity to neuropeptide Y (NPY), vasoactive intestinal polypeptide (VIP), and noradrenergic nerves as reflected by tyrosine hydroxylase (TH) immunoreactivity, were identified. NPY- and TH-positive(More)
The present study in the rat demonstrates the feasibility of applying immunohistochemical staining techniques on bone tissue for studies of substances such as neuropeptides contained in nerve fibers. Two fixation procedures, as well as the influence of demineralization on neuropeptide antigenicity, were studied in bone and for comparison in small(More)
The effect of four different neuropeptides and norepinephrine (NE) on cyclic AMP formation in four different osteoblastic cell lines and in isolated neonatal mouse calvarial bone cells has been examined. In the rat osteosarcoma cell line UMR-106-01, vasoactive intestinal polypeptide (VIP, 0.001-1 microM), calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP, 0.3-30 nM),(More)
Nerve fibres immunoreactive to neuropeptide Y (NPY), tyrosine hydroxylase (TH) and vasoactive intestinal polypeptide (VIP) were demonstrated in rat bone and adjacent tissues. The distribution of NPY- and TH-positive fibres differed from that of VIP-positive fibres. NPY- and TH-immunoreactive fibres were almost exclusively found close to or within the blood(More)
OBJECTIVE To analyze the occurrence of substance P (SP) and calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) in ankle joints and corresponding dorsal root ganglia (L2-L6) of rats with adjuvant arthritis. METHODS Arthritis was induced by inoculation with heat-killed mycobacteria. The morphologic distribution of SP and CGRP was assessed by immunohistochemical(More)
The presence of sensory and autonomic nerves in the synovial membrane of the lumbar facet joint in rats was investigated by immunohistochemistry. Substance P and calcitonin gene-related peptide immunoreactivities, representing sensory nerves, were observed as varicose fibers in the synoviocyte layer. The fibers were predominantly nonvascular. The autonomic(More)
The occurrence of the neuropeptides vasoactive intestinal polypeptide (VIP) and neuropeptide Y (NPY) in ankle joints and dorsal root ganglia (L2-L6) was analyzed in normal and arthritic Lewis rats. In addition the effect of capsaicin pretreatment was investigated. The study included 92 rats consisting of 4 groups, 23 rats in each; normal rats, normal rats(More)
We assessed the effects of vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP), calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP), substance P (SP), and bradykinin in arteries (diameter approximately 230 microns) isolated from cancellous bone from pigs. Arterial segments (2 mm long) were mounted on a myograph for measurement of isometric force development. After submaximal(More)