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BACKGROUND Low levels of total 25-hydroxyvitamin D are common among black Americans. Vitamin D-binding protein has not been considered in the assessment of vitamin D deficiency. METHODS In the Healthy Aging in Neighborhoods of Diversity across the Life Span cohort of blacks and whites (2085 participants), we measured levels of total 25-hydroxyvitamin D,(More)
Studies examining the relationship between total circulating 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] levels and bone mineral density (BMD) have yielded mixed results. Vitamin D-binding protein (DBP), the major carrier protein for 25(OH)D, may alter the biologic activity of circulating vitamin D. We hypothesized that free and bioavailable 25(OH)D, calculated from(More)
The energetic burden of continuously concentrating solutes against gradients along the tubule may render the kidney especially vulnerable to ischaemia. Acute kidney injury (AKI) affects 3% of all hospitalized patients. Here we show that the mitochondrial biogenesis regulator, PGC1α, is a pivotal determinant of renal recovery from injury by regulating(More)
Urea, the toxic end product of protein catabolism, is elevated in end-stage renal disease (ESRD), although it is unclear whether or how it contributes to disease. Urea can promote the carbamylation of proteins on multiple lysine side chains, including human albumin, which has a predominant carbamylation site on Lys(549). The proportion of serum albumin(More)
Prior studies showed conflicting results regarding the association between 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) levels and mineral metabolism in end-stage renal disease. In order to determine whether the bioavailable vitamin D (that fraction not bound to vitamin D-binding protein) associates more strongly with measures of mineral metabolism than total levels, we(More)
BACKGROUND We compared total 25-OH vitamin D status measured by DiaSorin Liaison and tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) among patients with high and low 25-OH vitamin D(2). METHODS Total 25-OH vitamin D was measured in plasma containing high (>25 nmol/l or >50%, n=26) and low (<2.5 nmol/l, n=29) 25-OH vitamin D(2) using DiaSorin Liaison and an LC-MS/MS(More)
Much of idiopathic thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (TTP) is attributed to the presence of an autoantibody to ADAMTS13, the metalloprotease that degrades ultralarge von Willebrand protein multimers. Most patients respond to treatment with therapeutic plasma exchange (TPE), which replaces the missing protease and removes the circulating inhibitor.(More)
Effective management of patients with diabetes mellitus requires accurate assessments of blood glucose control. The best characterised marker of long term glycaemic control is whole blood haemoglobin A(1c) (HbA(1c)). Published clinical trials have identified quantitative and direct relationships between the HbA(1c) concentration and risks of diabetic(More)
As the 100th anniversary of the Flexner report nears, medical student education is being reviewed at many levels. One area of concern, expressed in recent reports from some national health care organizations, is the adequacy of training in the discipline of laboratory medicine (also termed clinical pathology). The Academy of Clinical Laboratory Physicians(More)
Carbamylation describes a nonenzymatic posttranslational protein modification mediated by cyanate, a dissociation product of urea. When kidney function declines and urea accumulates, the burden of carbamylation naturally increases. Free amino acids may protect proteins from carbamylation, and protein carbamylation has been shown to increase in uremic(More)