And A van den Berg

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This paper gives an overview of the most commonly used techniques for nanostructuring and nanochannel fabrication employed in nanofluidics. They are divided into two large categories: top-down and bottom-up methods. Top-down methods are based on patterning on large scale while reducing the lateral dimensions to the nanoscale. Bottom-up methods arrange atoms(More)
A method is proposed to study the behavior of stimulus-sensitive hydrogels under isochoric conditions. Freedom of swell movement of such a hydrogel was restricted in all directions by enclosing the hydrogel between a micropressure sensor and a porous cover. Water and external stimuli can be applied to the hydrogel through the pores of the cover to provoke(More)
The blood-brain barrier (BBB) is a unique feature of the human body, preserving brain homeostasis and preventing toxic substances to enter the brain. However, in various neurodegenerative diseases, the function of the BBB is disturbed. Mechanisms of the breakdown of the BBB are incompletely understood and therefore a realistic model of the BBB is essential.(More)
This paper describes the design, modeling, and experimental characterization of an electrochemical sensor array for on-line monitoring of fermentor conditions in both miniaturized cell assays and in industrial scale fermentations. The viable biomass concentration is determined from impedance spectroscopy. As a miniaturized electrode configuration with high(More)
A measurement concept has been realized for the detection of carbon dioxide, where the CO(2) induced pressure generation by an enclosed pH-sensitive hydrogel is measured with a micro pressure sensor. The application of the sensor is the quantification of the partial pressure of CO(2) (Pco(2)) in the stomach as diagnosis for gastrointestinal ischemia. The(More)
In practice, microfluidic systems are based on the principles of capillary electrophoresis (CE), for a large part due to the simplicity of electroosmotic pumping. In this contribution, a universal conductivity detector is presented that allows detection of charged species down to the microM level. Additionally, powderblasting is presented as a novel(More)
This paper describes the design, realization and characterization of a micromachined light detection cell. This light detection cell is designed to meet the specifications needed for a micro total analysis system in which ammonia is converted to indophenol blue. The concentration of indophenol blue is measured in a light detection cell. The light detection(More)
We have designed a microfluidic microreactor chip for electrochemical conversion of analytes, containing a palladium reference electrode and platinum working and counter electrodes. The counter electrode is placed in a separate side-channel on chip to prevent unwanted side-products appearing in the measured spectrograms. Using this chip, cyclic(More)
The evolution from microfluidic to nanofluidic systems has been accompanied by the emergence of new fluid phenomena and the potential for new nanofluidic devices. This review provides an introduction to the theory of nanofluidic transport, focusing on the various forces that influence the movement of both solvents and solutes through nanochannels, and(More)
A new concept for liquid manipulation has been developed and implemented in surface-micromachined fluid channels. It is based on the surface tension directed injection of a gas into the liquid flow through micrometer-sized holes in the microchannel wall. The injected gas is directed to an exhaust by a cross-sectional asymmetry of the microchannel and(More)