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Invasion causes cancer malignancy. We review recent data about cellular and molecular mechanisms of invasion, focusing on cross-talk between the invaders and the host. Cancer disturbs these cellular activities that maintain multicellular organisms, namely, growth, differentiation, apoptosis, and tissue integrity. Multiple alterations in the genome of cancer(More)
Helicobacter pylori interacts with gastric epithelial cells, activating signaling pathways important for carcinogenesis. In this study we examined the role of H. pylori on cell invasion and the molecular mechanisms underlying this process. The relevance of H. pylori cag pathogenicity island-encoded type IV secretion system (T4SS), CagA, and VacA for cell(More)
Alkylphospholipids, such as the antitumor ether lipid 1-O-octadecyl-2-O-methylglycero-3-phosphocholine, modulate cancer cell invasion through changes in the adherens junction E-cadherin complex, a major organizer of epithelia. We wanted to know whether alkylphospholipids would also change tight junctions, molecular complexes that seal cell-to-cell contacts(More)
In colon cancer, enteric bacteria and dietary factors are major determinants of the microenvironment but their effect on cellular invasion is not known. We therefore incubated human HCT-8/E11 colon cancer cells with bacteria or bacterial conditioned medium on top of collagen type I gels. Listeria monocytogenes stimulate cellular invasion through the(More)
Cancer cells as well as bacteria metastasize to the subarachnoidal space (SAS) causing meningitis. Primary brain tumors, although not forming distant metastases, disseminate via the cerebrospinal fluid and occupy the meninges. The multistep process of cancer or bacterial dissemination is regulated through molecular crosstalk between invaders and host cells.(More)
We have previously demonstrated that conditioned medium from bacteria, some of which were isolated from the colon of cancer patients, stimulate cancer cell invasion in vitro through a 13-mer β-casein-derived peptide. Since invasion signalling pathways are coordinated by the balance between protein kinases and phosphatases, we investigated the effect of(More)
Invasive microorganisms efface enteric microvilli to establish intimate contact with the apical surface of enterocytes. To understand the molecular basis of this effacement in amebic colitis, we seeded Entamoeba histolytica trophozoites on top of differentiated human Caco-2 cell layers. Western blots of detergent lysates from such cocultures showed(More)
BACKGROUND Opioids and opioid receptors are an integral part of the tumour microenvironment and hence may influence tumour progression. Studies on direct effects of opioids on invasion-associated cellular activities are equivocal. We wanted to clarify these differences. MATERIALS AND METHODS The direct effects of the delta opioid receptor (DOR) agonists(More)
Tight junctions and microvilli constitute an anti-invasive barrier at the luminal side of enteric cell layers. Both subcellular structures are disrupted following adhesion of Entamoeba histolytica trophozoites to enteric cell layers in vitro. It was our aim to analyse the molecular mechanism underlying this disruption. Therefore, we cocultured enteric T84(More)
Transfer of antigens frequently follows adhesion of protozoan parasites to host cells. We were interested in such transfer from the Entamoeba surface to enterocytes following adhesion of trophozoites. Therefore, cocultures of enterocytes in vitro and ex vivo with Entamoeba histolytica (strain HM-1:IMSS) or Entamoeba dispar (strain SAW760) trophozoites were(More)