Anatoly V. Lichtenstein

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BACKGROUND Cell-free DNA from dying cells recently has been discovered in human blood plasma. In experiments performed on animals and humans, we examined whether this cell-free DNA can cross the kidney barrier and be used as a diagnostic tool. METHODS Mice received subcutaneous injections of either human Raji cells or purified (32)P-labeled DNA. DNA was(More)
The TaqMan probes that have been long and effectively used in real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) may also be used in DNA melting analysis. We studied some factors affecting efficiency of the approach such as (i) number of asymmetric PCR cycles preceding DNA melting analysis, (ii) choice of fluorophores for the multiplex DNA melting analysis, and(More)
It is well documented that plasma contains DNA from tissues throughout the body, including developing fetuses, and tumors. A portion of this DNA crosses the kidney barrier and appears in urine (i.e., transrenal DNA). However, molecular, cellular, and physiological mechanisms of the circulating DNA phenomenon and renal clearance are in an early phase of(More)
High-resolution melting (HRM) analysis is a very effective method for genotyping and mutation scanning that is usually performed just after PCR amplification (the "closed tube" format). Though simple and convenient, the closed tube format makes the HRM dependent on the PCR mix, not generally optimal for DNA melting analysis. Here, the "open tube" format,(More)
Carcinogenesis is long-term multistep accumulation of defects of genes responsible for cell division, DNA repair, and apoptosis. The functions of these genes are known both for norm and for pathologies caused by their damage and resulting in “asocial” cell behavior. Owing to the recent progress in studying the mechanisms of carcinogenesis, some genetic(More)
The data in this article are related to the research article entitled "Optimization of melting analysis with TaqMan probes for detection of KRAS, NRAS, and BRAF mutations" Botezatu et al. [1]. Somatic mutations in the PIK3CA gene ("hot spots" in exons 9 and 20) are found in many human cancers, and their presence can determine prognosis and a treatment(More)
The technique of isotachophoresis is intended for separation of molecules having different electrophoretic mobilities in a nonhomogeneous electric field. Since the mobility of nucleic acids in water solutions is uniform and does not depend on their size (because of a uniform distribution of negatively charged phosphate groups along the molecule),(More)
The necessary and sufficient capabilities of cancer cell have been identified. Strikingly, this list does not include one that would seem to be a key property, namely the ability of cancer cells to kill their "host". This is believed to be a self-evident consequence of the other capabilities (e.g., metastasis), although the available evidence suggests a(More)
The hypothesis introduces the idea that there is a critical level of mutagenesis that triggers a program of organism death by means of proliferation of killer cells. Similarly to apoptosis, which is an altruistic suicidal act of a faulty cell threatening the stability of a multicellular organism, a malignant tumor is an altruistic suicide of an individual(More)
We describe here a novel approach to the dissection of chromatin structure by extracting DNA fragments from digested nuclei irreversibly immobilized (via proteins) on Celite columns. Three successive gradients (NaCl, LiCl-urea, temperature) are used to release three families of DNA fragments: namely, the 'DNA adherence' classes DNA-0, DNA-I and DNA-II,(More)