Anatoly Karavaev

Learn More
Functional interaction was studied between the subsystems that ensure autonomic control of the heart rate (HR) and blood pressure (BP) and give rise to 0.1-Hz oscillations in R-R intervals (RRI) and photoplethysmogram (PPG). Twenty-five recordings were obtained from 18- to 32-year-old healthy persons (six women and nineteen men). The RRI and PPG were(More)
To study the dynamical mechanism which generates Parkinsonian resting tremor, we apply coupling directionality analysis to local field potentials (LFP) and accelerometer signals recorded in an ensemble of 48 tremor epochs in four Parkinsonian patients with depth electrodes implanted in the ventro-intermediate nucleus of the thalamus (VIM) or the subthalmic(More)
BACKGROUND Synchronization between 0.1-Hz rhythms in cardiovascular system is deteriorated at acute myocardial infarction (AMI) leading to a disruption of natural functional couplings within the system of autonomic regulation. OBJECTIVE This study evaluates the prognostic value of autonomic regulation indices for the 5-year risk of fatal and nonfatal(More)
Biophysical features of 0.1-Hz oscillations of heart rate variability (HRV) and distal blood flow (DBF) variability were compared in healthy subjects and patients after acute myocardial infarction (MI). Patients with acute MI (72 men and 53 women; 125 in total) and healthy subjects (23 men and 10 women; 33 in total) aged 30–83 and 20–46 years, respectively,(More)
BACKGROUND Selection of the optimal dose of beta-blocker treatment in myocardial infarction (MI) patients is problematic because of a lack of well-established guidelines. METHODS We evaluated changes in synchronization between 0.1 Hz oscillations in heart rate (HR) and plethysmographic peripheral microcirculation in response to a tilt-table test and to(More)
This paper describes in detail a new method proposed by authors for quantitative estimation of the strength of synchronization between the low-frequency oscillations (with the main frequency of about 0.1 Hz) in the heart rate variability (HRV) and photoplethysmogram (PPG). Calculation of index value is followed by statistical significance control. The(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of study was to propose an approach to the control of dynamics of autonomic dysfunction in cardiovascular system (CVS) under antihypertensive treatment (AT) in patients with arterial hypertension (AH), based on individual features of synchronization of 0.1-Hz rhythms in heart rate (HR) and photoplethysmogram (PPG) and spectral indices of(More)
We propose a model for the human cardiovascular system that describes the cardiac cycle, the autonomic regulation of heart and vessels, the baroreflex, and the formation of blood pressure. The model also allows for the influence of respiration on these processes. It has been found that an allowance for nonlinearity and insertion of a loop for the autonomic(More)
A model of human cardiovascular system is proposed which describes the main heart rhythm, the regulation of heart function and blood vessels by the autonomic nervous system, baroreflex, and the formation of arterial blood pressure. The model takes into account the impact of respiration on these processes. It is shown that taking into account nonlinearity(More)