Anatoliy V. Popov

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The primary focus of this work was to develop activatable probes suitable for in vivo detection of phospholipase activity. Phospholipases (PLs) are ubiquitous enzymes that perform a number of critical regulatory functions. They catalyze phospholipid breakdown and are categorized as A(1), A(2) (PLA(2)), C (PLC), and D (PLD) based on their site of action.(More)
Low-density lipoprotein (LDL) provides a highly versatile natural nanoplatform for delivery of visible or near-infrared fluorescent optical and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) contrast agents and photodynamic therapy and chemotherapeutic agents to normal and neoplastic cells that overexpress low-density lipoprotein receptors (LDLRs). Extension to other(More)
A number of N-bis(trifluoromethyl)alkyl-N'-thiazolyl and -benzothiazolyl ureas have been synthesized and evaluated for their in vitro antiproliferative activities against the human cancer cell lines at the National Cancer Institute (NCI, USA). The activity was shown for compounds 8a,c and 9a-c. The most sensitive cell lines relative to the tested compounds(More)
In this article, the characterization of the first near-infrared (NIR) phospholipase-activated molecular beacon is reported, and its utility for in vivo cancer imaging is demonstrated. The probe consists of three elements: a phospholipid (PL) backbone to which the NIR fluorophore, pyropheophorbide a (Pyro), and the NIR Black Hole Quencher 3 (BHQ) were(More)
Choline kinase alpha (ChoK) expression is increasingly being recognized as an important indicator of breast cancer prognosis; however, previous efforts to noninvasively measure ChoK status have been complicated by the spectral limitations of in vivo magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS) and the complex network of enzymes involved in choline metabolism. The(More)
We report a reaction of direct electrophilic fluorination of phenolsulfonphthalein at mild conditions. This reaction affords the synthesis of novel positron-emitting 18F-labeled pH indicators. These compounds are useful for non-invasive in vivo pH measurement in biological objects.
Abnormal choline metabolism is a hallmark of cancer and is associated with oncogenesis and tumor progression. Increased choline is consistently observed in both preclinical tumor models and in human brain tumors by proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS). Thus, inhibition of choline metabolism using specific choline kinase inhibitors such as MN58b may(More)
A series of new synthesized N-bis(trifluoromethyl)alkyl-N'-substituted ureas have been tested in the National Cancer Institute (NCI, Bethesda, USA) by Program NCI-60 DTP Human Tumor Cell Line Screen at a single high dose (10(-5) M). COMPARE analysis has been carried out for all tested compounds. The tested compounds showed antitumor activity against(More)
A new method is described for producing 3,3,3-trifluoroethyl isocyanate from perfluoroisobutene (PFIB). Isocyanate was used for synthesis of carbamates and ureas. A series of trifluoroethyl-substituted ureas has been tested in the National Cancer Institute (NCI, Bethesda, USA) by the NCI-60 DTP Human Tumor Cell Line Screening Program at a single high dose(More)