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PURPOSE A link between poor sleep quality and Alzheimer's disease (AD) has recently been suggested. Since endogenous melatonin levels are already reduced at preclinical AD stages, it is important to ask whether replenishing the missing hormone would be beneficial in AD and whether any such effects would be related to the presence of sleep disorder in(More)
The intracellular oligomerization of α-synuclein is associated with Parkinson's disease and appears to be an important target for disease-modifying treatment. Yet, to date, there is no specific inhibitor for this aggregation process. Using unbiased systematic peptide array analysis, we identified molecular interaction domains within the β-synuclein(More)
A rationally designed oligomerization inhibitor interacts with early intermediate assemblies of amyloid-beta polypeptide (Abeta) through the aromatic elements and inhibits their assembly into the toxic oligomers that cause Alzheimer's disease by a unique C(alpha)-methylation beta-breakage strategy. The electrostatic potential of the low-energy conformation(More)
An increasing body of evidence indicates that accumulation of soluble oligomeric assemblies of β-amyloid polypeptide (Aβ) play a key role in Alzheimer's disease (AD) pathology. Specifically, 56 kDa oligomeric species were shown to be correlated with impaired cognitive function in AD model mice. Several reports have documented the inhibition of Aβ plaque(More)
Gaining insight into the mechanism of amyloid fibril formation, the hallmark of multiple degenerative syndromes of unrelated origin, and exploring novel directions of inhibition are crucial for preventing disease development. Specific interactions between aromatic moieties were suggested to have a key role in the recognition and self-assembly processes(More)
The rational design of amyloid oligomer inhibitors is yet an unmet drug development need. Previous studies have identified the role of tryptophan in amyloid recognition, association and inhibition. Furthermore, tryptophan was ranked as the residue with highest amyloidogenic propensity. Other studies have demonstrated that quinones, specifically(More)
The development of generic inhibitors in order to control the formation of amyloid fibrils and early oligomers is still an unmet medical need. As it is hypothesized that amyloid assemblies represent a generic protein supramolecular structure of low free energy, targeting the key molecular recognition and self-assembly events may provide the route for the(More)
Several melatonin receptors agonists (ramelteon, prolonged-release melatonin, agomelatine and tasimelteon) have recently become available for the treatment of insomnia, depression and circadian rhythms sleep-wake disorders. The efficacy and safety profiles of these compounds in the treatment of the indicated disorders are reviewed. Accumulating evidence(More)
Soluble oligomeric assemblies of amyloidal proteins appear to act as major pathological agents in several degenerative disorders. Isolation and characterization of these oligomers is a pivotal step towards determination of their pathological relevance. Here we describe the isolation of Type 2 diabetes-associated islet amyloid polypeptide soluble cytotoxic(More)
The distribution of endomorphins (EM) 1 and 2 in the human brain inversely correlates with cerebral neurodegeneration in Alzheimer's disease (AD), implying a protective role. These endogenous opioid peptides incorporate aromatic residues and a β-breaker motif, as seen in several optimized inhibitors of Aβ aggregation. The activity of native endomorphins was(More)