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Familial dysautonomia (FD; also known as "Riley-Day syndrome"), an Ashkenazi Jewish disorder, is the best known and most frequent of a group of congenital sensory neuropathies and is characterized by widespread sensory and variable autonomic dysfunction. Previously, we had mapped the FD gene, DYS, to a 0.5-cM region on chromosome 9q31 and had shown that the(More)
The molecular basis for autosomal dominant progressive nonsyndromic hearing loss in an Israeli Jewish family, Family H, has been determined. Linkage analysis placed this deafness locus, DFNA15, on chromosome 5q31. The human homolog of mouse Pou4f3, a member of the POU-domain family of transcription factors whose targeted inactivation causes profound(More)
Fly photoreceptor membranes were used to test the effect on defined biochemical reactions of light and of compounds causing photoreceptor excitation. Complementary electrophysiological studies examined whether putative second messengers excite the fly photoreceptor cells. This analysis revealed the following sequence of events: photoexcited rhodopsin(More)
Familial dysautonomia (FD) is an autosomal recessive disorder characterized by developmental arrest in the sensory and autonomic nervous systems and by Ashkenazi Jewish ancestry. We previously had mapped the defective gene (DYS) to an 11-cM segment of chromosome 9q31-33, flanked by D9S53 and D9S105. By using 11 new polymorphic loci, we now have narrowed the(More)
Bone disease is an important cause of morbidity in older patients with beta-thalassaemia major and intermedia. We studied 27 women and 23 men with beta-thalassaemia major (37) and intermedia (13) whose mean age was 32.3 +/- 9.7 years. Bone mineral density (BMD) of the lumbar spine, femoral neck and distal radius was determined by dual-energy X-ray(More)
Familial dysautonomia (DYS), the Riley-Day syndrome, is an autosomal recessive disorder characterized by developmental loss of neurons from the sensory and autonomic nervous system. It is limited to the Ashkenazi Jewish population, where the carrier frequency is 1 in 30. We have mapped the DYS gene to chromosome 9q31-q33 by linkage with ten DNA markers in(More)
AIMS To investigate the association between sequence variants in the promoter region of the oestrogen receptor-alpha (ER-alpha) gene and the angiographic severity of coronary artery disease (CAD). METHODS AND RESULTS We studied 503 subjects undergoing coronary angiography (mean age 63+/-12 years, 72% men, 28% women). Coronary artery disease extent was(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the association between the C677T mutation in the methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) gene and vascular dementia in Ashkenazi and non-Ashkenazi Jews. DESIGN A case-control study. SETTING Nursing homes in Jerusalem, Israel. PARTICIPANTS Two hundred fifty nine Jewish people of Ashkenazi and non-Ashkenazi origin, older than(More)
The amelogenins are secreted by the ameloblast cells of developing teeth; they constitute about 90% of the enamel matrix proteins and play an important role in enamel biomineralization. Recent evidence suggests that amelogenin may also be involved in the regeneration of the periodontal tissues and that different isoforms may have cell-signalling effects.(More)
Familial Dysautonomia is an autosomal recessive disease with a remarkably high carrier frequency in the Ashkenazi Jewish population. It has recently been estimated that as many as 1 in 27 Ashkenazi Jews is a carrier of FD. The FD gene has been identified as IKBKAP, and two disease-causing mutations have been identified. The most common mutation, which is(More)