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Familial dysautonomia (FD; also known as "Riley-Day syndrome"), an Ashkenazi Jewish disorder, is the best known and most frequent of a group of congenital sensory neuropathies and is characterized by widespread sensory and variable autonomic dysfunction. Previously, we had mapped the FD gene, DYS, to a 0.5-cM region on chromosome 9q31 and had shown that the(More)
The molecular basis for autosomal dominant progressive nonsyndromic hearing loss in an Israeli Jewish family, Family H, has been determined. Linkage analysis placed this deafness locus, DFNA15, on chromosome 5q31. The human homolog of mouse Pou4f3, a member of the POU-domain family of transcription factors whose targeted inactivation causes profound(More)
Bone disease is an important cause of morbidity in older patients with beta-thalassaemia major and intermedia. We studied 27 women and 23 men with beta-thalassaemia major (37) and intermedia (13) whose mean age was 32.3 +/- 9.7 years. Bone mineral density (BMD) of the lumbar spine, femoral neck and distal radius was determined by dual-energy X-ray(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the association between the C677T mutation in the methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) gene and vascular dementia in Ashkenazi and non-Ashkenazi Jews. DESIGN A case-control study. SETTING Nursing homes in Jerusalem, Israel. PARTICIPANTS Two hundred fifty nine Jewish people of Ashkenazi and non-Ashkenazi origin, older than(More)
Familial dysautonomia (FD) is an autosomal recessive disorder characterized by developmental arrest in the sensory and autonomic nervous systems and by Ashkenazi Jewish ancestry. We previously had mapped the defective gene (DYS) to an 11-cM segment of chromosome 9q31-33, flanked by D9S53 and D9S105. By using 11 new polymorphic loci, we now have narrowed the(More)
The tuftelin protein isoforms undergo post-translation modifications, and are ubiquitously expressed in various tissues in embryos, adults, and tumors. Developmental and pathological studies suggested an apparent correlation between oxygen deprivation and tuftelin expression. The aim of the study was therefore to investigate the effect of a pathological(More)
Formation of meningiomas has been associated with the loss of genetic material on chromosome 22. To approach the additional chromosomal events that underlie progression of these tumors to malignancy, we have examined several other chromosomal regions for loss of heterozygosity (LOH) in these tumors. Fifty-eight tumors, comprising 43 benign meningiomas, 11(More)
The amelogenin protein is considered as the major molecular marker of developing ectodermal enamel. Recent data suggest other roles for amelogenin beyond structural regulation of enamel mineral crystal growth. Here we describe our novel discovery of amelogenin expression in long bone cells, in cartilage cells, in cells of the epiphyseal growth plate, and in(More)
Injuries to ligaments are common, painful and debilitating, causing joint instability and impaired protective proprioception sensation around the joint. Healing of torn ligaments usually fails to take place, and surgical replacement or reconstruction is required. Previously, we showed that in vivo application of the recombinant human amelogenin protein(More)
The amelogenins are secreted by the ameloblast cells of developing teeth; they constitute about 90% of the enamel matrix proteins and play an important role in enamel biomineralization. Recent evidence suggests that amelogenin may also be involved in the regeneration of the periodontal tissues and that different isoforms may have cell-signalling effects.(More)