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The molecular basis for autosomal dominant progressive nonsyndromic hearing loss in an Israeli Jewish family, Family H, has been determined. Linkage analysis placed this deafness locus, DFNA15, on chromosome 5q31. The human homolog of mouse Pou4f3, a member of the POU-domain family of transcription factors whose targeted inactivation causes profound(More)
Fly photoreceptor membranes were used to test the effect on defined biochemical reactions of light and of compounds causing photoreceptor excitation. Complementary electrophysiological studies examined whether putative second messengers excite the fly photoreceptor cells. This analysis revealed the following sequence of events: photoexcited rhodopsin(More)
Hereditary sensory neuropathy Type II (HSN II) is an autosomal recessive disorder characterized by the loss of peripheral sensory modalities in individuals with otherwise normal development. Patients with HSN II often have chronic ulceration of the fingers and toes, autoamputation of the distal phalanges, and neuropathic joint degeneration associated with(More)
Whole exome sequencing (WES) is a powerful technique for identifying sequence changes in the human genome. The goal of this study was to delineate the genetic defects in patients with inherited retinal diseases (IRDs) using WES. WES was performed on 90 patient DNA samples from 68 families and 226 known genes for IRDs were analyzed. Sanger sequencing was(More)
AIMS To investigate the association between sequence variants in the promoter region of the oestrogen receptor-alpha (ER-alpha) gene and the angiographic severity of coronary artery disease (CAD). METHODS AND RESULTS We studied 503 subjects undergoing coronary angiography (mean age 63+/-12 years, 72% men, 28% women). Coronary artery disease extent was(More)
The amelogenins are secreted by the ameloblast cells of developing teeth; they constitute about 90% of the enamel matrix proteins and play an important role in enamel biomineralization. Recent evidence suggests that amelogenin may also be involved in the regeneration of the periodontal tissues and that different isoforms may have cell-signalling effects.(More)
Measurement of light-dependent GTPase (EC activity in a paradigm guided by electrophysiological experiments was used to examine the involvement of a guanine nucleotide binding protein in fly phototransduction. Cell-free membrane preparations of Musca eyes responded to blue light by a 10- to 20-fold increase in GTP-hydrolyzing activity. This(More)
Tuftelin is an acidic protein expressed at very early stages of mouse odontogenesis. It was suggested to play a role during epithelial-mesenchymal interactions, and later, when enamel formation commences, to be involved in enamel mineralization. Tuftelin was also detected in several normal soft tissues of different origins and some of their corresponding(More)
Regeneration of mineralized tissues affected by chronic diseases comprises a major scientific and clinical challenge. Periodontitis, one such prevalent disease, involves destruction of the tooth-supporting tissues, alveolar bone, periodontal-ligament and cementum, often leading to tooth loss. In 1997, it became clear that, in addition to their function in(More)
PURPOSE To clinically characterize and genetically analyze members of six families who reside in the same village and manifest a rare form of retinal degeneration. METHODS Ophthalmic evaluation included a full clinical examination, perimetry, color vision testing, and electroretinography. Genomic DNA was screened for ABCA4 mutations with the use of(More)