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BACKGROUND The function of endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs), which are key cells in vascular repair, is impaired in diabetes mellitus. Nitric oxide (NO) and reactive oxygen species can regulate EPC functions. EPCs tolerate oxidative stress by upregulating superoxide dismutase (SOD), the enzyme that neutralizes superoxide anion (O2-). Therefore, we(More)
Microparticles (MPs) are sub-micron membrane vesicles (100-1000 nm) shed from normal and pathologic cells due to stimulation or apoptosis. MPs can be found in the peripheral blood circulation of healthy individuals, whereas elevated concentrations are found in pregnancy and in a variety of diseases. Also, MPs participate in physiological processes, e.g.,(More)
Microvesicles comprised of exosomes and microparticles are shed from both normal and malignant cells upon cell activation or apoptosis. Microvesicles promote clot formation, mediate pro-inflammatory processes, facilitate cell-to-cell interactions, transfer proteins and mRNA to cells, and induce cell signalling. Microparticles bearing tissue factor play a(More)
Microvesicles (MVs) which include microparticles (MPs) and exosomes are found in blood circulation in normal physiologic conditions and are increased in a variety of diseases. This study evaluated the effects of MVs on human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVEC) by morphologic changes, apoptosis, and thrombogenicty, in vitro. Stimulation of monocyte cell(More)
The placenta is a highly vascularized organ with fetal and maternal blood supply. Syncytiotrophoblasts (STB), which line the placenta villous are possibly involved in local hemostatic mechanisms. The aim of this study was to evaluate the levels of tissue factor (TF) and its inhibitors, tissue factor pathway inhibitor (TFPI, TFPI-2), in STB model within(More)
The placenta is a unique organ with dual blood circulation functioning throughout fetal development. The architecture and functions of the placenta, where maternal blood flows into the intervillous space, present haemostatic problems, mainly the risk of haemorrhage. Placental trophoblasts express and produce coagulation components, participating not only in(More)
Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is associated with increased coagulability and vascular complications. Circulating microparticles (MPs) are involved in thrombosis, inflammation, and angiogenesis. However, the role of MPs in T2DM vascular complications is unclear. We characterised the cell origin and pro-coagulant profiles of MPs obtained from 41 healthy(More)
The placenta is a highly vascularized organ functioning as the interface between fetal blood, which is confined within the villous blood vessels, and maternal blood, which flows in decidual arteries and washes the intervillous spaces in contact with syncytiotrophoblast (STB) cells. The STB adopts vascular characteristics such as the presence of von(More)