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We have previously demonstrated that STAT-1 plays a critical role in promoting apoptotic cell death in cardiac myocytes following ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury. Epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG), the major constituent of green tea, has recently been reported to inhibit STAT-1 activity in noncardiac cells. In the present study, we have assessed the(More)
We show here that exposure of cardiac cells to simulated ischemia results in apoptosis and is accompanied by phosphorylation and increased expression and transcriptional activity of STAT-1. Similarly, interferon-gamma, which is known to induce STAT-1 activation, also induced apoptosis in cardiac cells. STAT-1-transfected cells were more susceptible to(More)
The signal transducers and activators of transcription (STATs) are a family of transcription factors, which were originally identified on the basis of their ability to transduce a signal from a cellular receptor into the nucleus and modulate the transcription of specific genes. Interestingly, recent studies have demonstrated that STAT-1 plays a key role in(More)
The STAT-1 transcription factor has been implicated as a tumor suppressor by virtue of its ability to inhibit cell growth and promoting apoptosis. However, the mechanisms by which STAT-1 mediates these effects remain unclear. Using human and mouse STAT-1-deficient cells, we show here that STAT-1 is required for optimal DNA damage-induced apoptosis. The(More)
BACKGROUND Urocortin is a novel cardioprotective agent that can protect cardiac myocytes from the damaging effects of ischemia/reperfusion both in culture and in the intact heart and is effective when given at reperfusion. METHODS AND RESULTS We have analyzed global changes in gene expression in cardiac myocytes after urocortin treatment using gene chip(More)
Previously we reported that ischemia results in apoptosis and is accompanied by phosphorylation on Tyr-701 and increased expression and transcriptional activity of the signal transducer and activator of transcription-1 (STAT-1). In the present study, we show that exposure of cardiomyocytes to ischemia induced the phosphorylation of STAT-1 at another site,(More)
Urocortin (UCN), a member of the Corticotropin-Releasing Factor (CRF) family of peptides is a well described cardioprotective agent. UCN is able to bind to two types of G-protein coupled receptors: CRF receptor type 1 (CRFR1) and CRF receptor type 2 (CRFR2), whereas, two homologues of UCN, stresscopin (SCP) or also known as urocortin III (UCNIII) and(More)
The p53 gene super family consists of three members; TP53, TP63 and TP73, encoding proteins p53, p63 and p73. Whilst p63 appears to have an essential role in embryonic development with a less clear role in carcinogenesis, irregularities in p53 and p73 signalling are implicated in tumour formation. As such, p53 is a tumour suppressor which is mutated in over(More)
STAT-1 plays a role in mediating stress responses to various stimuli and has also been implied to be a tumour suppressor. Here, we report that STAT-1-deficient cells have defects both in intra-S-phase and G2-M checkpoints in response to DNA damage. Interestingly, STAT-1-deficient cells showed reduced Chk2 phosphorylation on threonine 68 (Chk2(-T68))(More)