Anastasis Stephanou

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We have previously demonstrated that STAT-1 plays a critical role in promoting apoptotic cell death in cardiac myocytes following ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury. Epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG), the major constituent of green tea, has recently been reported to inhibit STAT-1 activity in noncardiac cells. In the present study, we have assessed the(More)
The levels of the 90 kDa heat-shock protein (hsp90) and the activity of the hsp90beta gene promoter are increased in response to treatment by interleukin (IL)-6. The hsp90beta gene promoter contains binding sites for the transcription factors nuclear factor IL-6 (NF-IL6) and signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT-3), which are activated(More)
We have investigated the effects of recombinant human interleukin (IL)-1 alpha, IL-1 beta and IL-6 on the activation of the hypothalamo-pituitary-adrenal axis. We have determined the effects of a single i.p. injection of cytokine on circulating ACTH and corticosterone levels, corticotrophin-releasing factor (CRF) mRNA in the parvocellular cells of the(More)
The STAT-1 transcription factor has been implicated as a tumor suppressor by virtue of its ability to inhibit cell growth and promoting apoptosis. However, the mechanisms by which STAT-1 mediates these effects remain unclear. Using human and mouse STAT-1-deficient cells, we show here that STAT-1 is required for optimal DNA damage-induced apoptosis. The(More)
We show here that exposure of cardiac cells to simulated ischemia results in apoptosis and is accompanied by phosphorylation and increased expression and transcriptional activity of STAT-1. Similarly, interferon-gamma, which is known to induce STAT-1 activation, also induced apoptosis in cardiac cells. STAT-1-transfected cells were more susceptible to(More)
Cardiovascular pathologies are an enormous burden in human health and despite the vast amount of research; the molecular mechanisms and pathways that control the underlying pathologies are still not fully appreciated. The Janus kinase (JAK)-signal transducers and activators of transcription (STAT) pathway has recently been shown to be an integral part of(More)
Urocortin (UCN), a member of the Corticotropin-Releasing Factor (CRF) family of peptides is a well described cardioprotective agent. UCN is able to bind to two types of G-protein coupled receptors: CRF receptor type 1 (CRFR1) and CRF receptor type 2 (CRFR2), whereas, two homologues of UCN, stresscopin (SCP) or also known as urocortin III (UCNIII) and(More)
Ischaemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury results in the death of irreplaceable cardiac myocytes by a programme cell death or apoptosis. The signal transducers and activators of transcription (STAT) factors function as modulators of cytokine signaling and sensors responding to cellular stress. Interestingly, many studies have demonstrated that although they have a(More)
A physiological sequence called autophagy qualitatively determines cellular viability by removing protein aggregates and damaged cytoplasmic constituents, and contributes significantly to the degree of myocardial ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury. This tightly orchestrated catabolic cellular 'housekeeping' process provides cells with a new source of energy(More)