Learn More
Corelease of ATP with ACh from motor endings suggests a physiological role for ATP in synaptic transmission. We previously showed that, on skeletal muscle, ATP directly inhibited ACh release via presynaptic P2 receptors. The receptor identification (P2X or P2Y) and its transduction mechanism remained, however, unknown. In the present study using the(More)
Synaptic vesicles loaded with neurotransmitters fuse with the plasma membrane to release their content into the extracellular space, thereby allowing neuronal communication. The membrane fusion process is mediated by a conserved set of SNARE proteins: vesicular synaptobrevin and plasma membrane syntaxin and SNAP-25. Recent data suggest that the fusion(More)
Exogenous adenosine triphosphoric acid produces a biphasic effect on the resting membrane potential of muscle fibers in rat diaphragm. Depolarization of the sarcolemma observed 10 min after application of adenosine triphosphoric acid results from activation of Na(+)/K(+)/2Cl(-) cotransport. The increase in chloride cotransport is related to activation of(More)
Generation of supramolecular architectures through controlled linking of suitable building blocks can offer new perspectives to medicine and applied technologies. Current linking strategies often rely on chemical methods that have limitations and cannot take full advantage of the recombinant technologies. Here we used SNARE proteins, namely, syntaxin,(More)
We have shown previously that ATP inhibits transmitter release at the neuromuscular junction through the action on metabotropic P2Y receptors coupled to specific second messenger cascades. In the present study we recorded K(+) or Ca(2+) currents in motor nerve endings or blocked K(+) or Ca(2+) channels in order to explore the nature of downstream(More)
Reactive oxygen species (ROS) participate in various physiological and pathological processes in the nervous system, but the specific pathways that mediate ROS signalling remain largely unknown. Using electrophysiological techniques and biochemical evaluation of isolated fusion proteins, we explored the sensitivity to standard oxidative stress of the entire(More)
Formation, maturation, stabilization, and functional efficacy of the neuromuscular junction (NMJ) are orchestrated by transsynaptic and autocrine signals embedded within the synaptic cleft. Here, we demonstrate that collagen XIII, a nonfibrillar transmembrane collagen, is another such signal. We show that collagen XIII is expressed by muscle and its(More)
Recent studies suggested contribution of homocysteine (HCY) to neurodegenerative disorders and migraine. However, HCY effect in the nociceptive system is essentially unknown. To explore the mechanism of HCY action, we studied short- and long-term effects of this amino acid on rat peripheral and central neurons. HCY induced intracellular Ca²⁺ transients in(More)
The mechanisms controlling pain in newborns during delivery are poorly understood. We explored the hypothesis that oxytocin, an essential hormone for labor and a powerful neuromodulator, exerts analgesic actions on newborns during delivery. Using a thermal tail-flick assay, we report that pain sensitivity is two-fold lower in rat pups immediately after(More)
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a neurodegenerative disease of motoneurons which progresses differentially in males and females for unknown reason. Here we measured gender differences in pre- and post-synaptic parameters of the neuromuscular transmission in a mutant G93A-SOD1 mouse model of ALS. Using intracellular microelectrode technique we(More)