Anastasia Polycarpou

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The glutathione S-transferase (GST) gene superfamily encodes for enzymes involved in conjugation of electrophilic compounds to glutathione. Several polymorphisms in the GST genes have been implicated as risk factors for prostate cancer. We did a meta-analysis of 11 studies with GSTM1 genotyping (2,063 prostate cancer cases and 2,625 controls), 10 studies(More)
A T-to-C polymorphism in the 5' promoter region of the CYP17 gene that encodes the cytochrome P450c17alpha has been implicated as a risk factor for prostate cancer, but individual studies have been inconclusive or controversial. Therefore we performed a meta-analysis of 10 studies (12 comparisons) with CYP17 genotyping on 2404 patients with prostate cancer(More)
Several polymorphisms in the 5alpha-reductase type 2 (SRD5A2) gene have been implicated as risk factors for prostate cancer. We performed a meta-analysis of 9 studies (12 comparisons) with V89L genotyping (2558 prostate cancer cases and 3349 controls), 7 studies (8 comparisons) with A49T genotyping (1594 cases and 2137 controls), and 4 studies with TA(More)
In most western countries prostate cancer is the most commonly diagnosed non-skin cancer in men. Despite its high morbidity and mortality the etiology of prostate cancer remains obscure. The involvement of androgens has been examined extensively in prostate carcinogenesis but the results of most epidemiological studies remain inconclusive. This review(More)
A C-to-T polymorphism in exon 2 of the cathepsin D gene encoding cathepsin D (CTSD) has been implicated as a risk factor for Alzheimer's disease. The authors performed a meta-analysis of 14 studies (16 comparisons) with CTSD genotyping (3,174 Alzheimer's disease cases and 3,298 controls). Overall, the random effects odds ratio for the T versus the C allele(More)
We aimed to investigate the influence of class I and class II HLA specificities and of the concordance between maternal and infant HLA on vertical HIV-1 transmission. HLA typing of samples from mothers and infants enrolled in the Ariel study, a perinatal HIV-1 transmission cohort including 203 mother-infant pairs, was performed by serological and molecular(More)
Sirs: Molecular epidemiological studies have presented contradictory results concerning a potential role of the NOS3 Glu298Asp gene polymorphism in Alzheimer’s disease (AD). Single studies may have been underpowered to detect interactions or even overall effects. Given the amount of accumulated data, it was deemed important to perform a quantitative(More)
Several polymorphisms in the vitamin D receptor (VDR) gene have been implicated as risk factors for prostate cancer. We performed a meta-analysis of 14 studies (17 comparisons) with TaqI genotyping (1870 prostate cancer cases; 2843 controls), 6 studies (8 comparisons) with poly(A) repeat genotyping (540 cases; 870 controls), 5 studies with BsmI genotyping(More)
We systematically evaluated the evidence from randomised trials comparing various chemotherapy regimens for advanced non-small cell lung cancer. Across 254 eligible trials (42661 patients), no regimens were compared in >6 studies. Twenty-six trials (10%) found statistically significant differences in survival between the compared arms. Only five reported(More)
BACKGROUND Alcohol withdrawal syndrome is a cluster of symptoms that occurs in alcohol-dependent people after cessation or reduction in alcohol use. This systematic review focuses on the evidence of anticonvulsants' use in the treatment of alcohol withdrawal symptoms. OBJECTIVES To evaluate the effectiveness and safety of anticonvulsants in the treatment(More)
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