Anastasia Parthymou

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Malignant gliomas are angiogenesis dependent and present a remarkable degree of resistance to radiotherapy. In the present work, we studied the effect of irradiation of C6 glioma cells on their proliferation and activation in vitro and on glioma cell-induced angiogenesis in vivo and in vitro. Irradiation of C6 glioma cells decreased cell proliferation in a(More)
X-rays have an antiangiogenic effect in the chicken embryo chorioallantoic membrane (CAM) model of in vivo angiogenesis. Our study demonstrates that X-rays induce an early apoptosis of CAM cells, modulate the synthesis and deposition of extracellular matrix (ECM) proteins involved in regulating angiogenesis and affect angiogenesis induced by tumour cells(More)
Amifostine (WR-2721) is a well-known radioprotective drug, selective for normal cells. The purpose of the present study was to define whether amifostine protects the vascular network from the effects of X-rays. We used the in vivo system of chicken embryo chorioallantoic membrane (CAM) as a model of angiogenesis. Amifostine reversed the early X-rays-(More)
Heparin affin regulatory peptide (HARP) or pleiotrophin seems to be involved in the progression of several tumors of diverse origin. In this study, we tried to determine the role of HARP in rat C6 glioma cells by using an antisense strategy for inhibition of HARP expression. Decrease of the expression of endogenous HARP in C6 cells (AS-C6 cells)(More)
Heparin affin regulatory peptide (HARP), also known as pleiotrophin or heparin-binding growth-associated molecule, is an 18-kDa growth factor that has a high affinity for heparin. It constitutes with midkine and retinoic acid heparin-binding protein, a family of structurally related heparin-binding growth factors. A growing body of evidence indicates that(More)
Pleiotrophin (PTN) is a secreted growth factor involved in angiogenesis and tumor growth. We have recently shown that low concentrations of hydrogen peroxide (HP) stimulate PTN expression, through activation of the transcription factor AP-1. In the present work, we studied the possible involvement of endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) and the role of(More)
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