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Misfolding and aggregation of proteins is involved in some of the most prevalent neurodegenerative disorders. The importance of collagen stems from the fact that it is one of the dominant component used for tissue engineering and drug delivery applications and is a major component of skin, tendon, bone and other connective tissues. A systematic(More)
Nanotechnology is one of the fastest growing fields of science owing to use of nanomaterials in industries and medicine across the globe. Currently silicon dioxide nanoparticles (SiO2 NPs) are one of the most popular nanomaterials owing to their inert toxicity profile and hence exposure to SiO2 nanoparticles is on the increase. Cystatins are thiol(More)
Phytocystatins are thiol proteinase inhibitors crucial due to their inhibitory activity in plants. These play important roles in improving crop yield, protection against insects and pathogens and modulation of apoptosis. In this chemical era, various pesticides are being used globally to increase the crop biomass. These pesticides accumulate in plant body(More)
In our study, renal cancer is induced in rats making use of dimethylnitrosamine (DMN). G1 - Group 1 were control rats and G2 - Group 2 rats were given a single intra-peritoneal injection of DMN of 50 mg/kg body weight resulting in 100% incidences of renal tumors after 12 months. SEM and histopathology confirmed the presence of renal cancer in the(More)
In the present study a thiol proteinase inhibitor was isolated from buffalo kidney making use of ammonium sulphate precipitation and gel filtration chromatography on Sephacryl S-100HR column. Purified inhibitor is homogeneous as it displayed a single band in gel electrophoresis both under reducing and non-reducing environment and is of 65KDa as revealed by(More)
Globally, renal cell carcinomas (RCCs) represent a major portion of patients suffering from cancer. Temsirolimus is an anti-renal cancer drug that has already been approved in poor-risk metastatic RCC (mRCC) patients. In our present study, we have evaluated the in vitro effect of varying concentrations of temsirolimus on cancerous rat kidney cystatin; renal(More)
The binding interaction between temsirolimus, an important antirenal cancer drug, and HSA, an important carrier protein was scrutinized making use of UV and fluorescence spectroscopy. Hyper chromaticity observed in UV spectroscopy in the presence of temsirolimus as compared to free HSA suggests the formation of complex between HSA and temsirolimus.(More)
In our study buffalo kidney cystatin (BKC) is transformed from native conformation to amyloid fibrils when incubated with 20 mM glyoxal for a prolonged time period. These amyloid fibrils are at the heart of a number of pathological disorders. In the presence of 10 mM glyoxal, BKC retained native-like secondary structure, decreased intrinsic and increased(More)
Advanced glycation end products (AGEs) as a result of Maillard reaction are currently at the heart of the pathogenesis of several diseases and hence are the objective of numerous investigations. Glycation of proteins has been an implication in long-term complications. Collagen is the most abundant protein in the human body. The purpose of this study was to(More)
Phytocystatins belong to the family of cysteine proteinases inhibitors. They are ubiquitously found in plants and carry out various significant physiological functions. These plant derived inhibitors are gaining wide consideration as potential candidate in engineering transgenic crops and in drug designing. Hence it is crucial to identify these inhibitors(More)