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To determine whether prolonged supersensitization of dopamine D-1 receptors could be produced during ontogeny, rats were treated daily, from birth, for 33 consecutive days with the D-1 receptor agonist, SKF 38393 HCl (3.0 mg/kg per day i.p.). These rats were additionally treated at 3 days after birth with the neurotoxin, 6-hydroxydopamine HBr (6-OHDA; 200(More)
The specific binding of [3H]YM-09151-2 was used to investigate the possible differences in age-associated changes in striatal D2 dopamine (DA) receptor properties in genetically obese (fa/fa) Zucker rats and their lean (Fa/?) littermates. The maximal binding sites (Bmax) of D2 DA receptors was found to decline with age in both obese and lean rats; the rate(More)
Many factors have been implicated in the aetiology of varicose veins; however, there is ample evidence implicating that the defect is in the wall of the lower limb veins. In order to know the pathological changes in the tunica intima of varicose veins, the smooth muscle cells (SMCs), collagen and elastin of varicose and control patients were studied by(More)
Rats receive melatonin (MEL) (476 +/- 6.5 microg/kg/day) via their drinking water for 2 weeks. At the end of this period, the density of D2 dopamine (DA) receptors and their affinity for [3H]-YM-09151-2 are measured in the striatum. MEL treatment increases the apparent affinity (decreases the Kd) of D2 DA receptors for [3H]YM-09151-2 by 48%, while it does(More)
The property of D2 dopamine receptors in the rat brain was evaluated after long-term dietary manipulation. Groups of rats were pair-fed with equicaloric diet containing low protein (8%)-high carbohydrate, high protein (52%)-low carbohydrate and normal protein (20%) for 36 weeks. The low protein-high carbohydrate fed rats exhibited a significant decrease in(More)
Reoperative surgery for the morbidly obese has become increasingly common due to postoperative weight regain. There are limited studies evaluating the effectiveness of revisional surgery. This study evaluates the weight loss outcomes of revisional surgery over a 2-year period at our University Hospital, USA. Of the 412 patients who underwent laparoscopic(More)
The chronic consumption of low doses of nicotine in drinking water for two years consistently increased the sensitivity of rats to a nociceptive thermal stimulus (tail-flick test), but reduced aversiveness in the elevated plus-maze test, relative to the responses of age-matched controls in these tests. The responses of aged nicotine-consuming rats were(More)
Two peptides corresponding to amino acid sequences predicted from the nucleotide sequence of the dopamine D2 receptor were synthesized. Peptide I (CGSEG-KADRPHYC) and peptide II (NNTDQNECIIY), corresponding to 24-34 and 176-185 from the NH2 terminus, respectively, were conjugated to keyhold limpet hemocyanin and injected into rabbits. Peptide I showed a(More)
Using the water tank procedure, we have examined the effects of rapid eye movement (REM) sleep deprivation and associated stress on the properties of striatal dopaminergic system. While stress decreased the number of D1 and D2 dopamine receptors, a combination of REM sleep deprivation attenuated the decrease. The ratio of D1 to D2 densities, however,(More)
In the present ultrastructural study in the ventrocaudal periaqueductal gray (PAG) of the rat, the relationship and the association between GABAergic and enkephalinergic neuronal elements were investigated using postembedding colocalization immunogold electron microscopic technique in order to establish the precise relationship between these two important(More)