Ananya Nandy

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Here we show that scavenger receptor class B type I is present in the small-intestine brush border membrane where it facilitates the uptake of dietary cholesterol from either bile salt micelles or phospholipid vesicles. This receptor can also function as a port for several additional classes of lipids, including cholesteryl esters, triacylglycerols, and(More)
We have used expression of human medium chain acyl-CoA dehydrogenase (MCAD) in Escherichia coli as a model system for dissecting the molecular effects of two mutations detected in patients with MCAD deficiency. We demonstrate that the R28C mutation predominantly affects polypeptide folding. The amounts of active R28C mutant enzyme produced could be(More)
Recombinant, normal human medium-chain acyl-CoA dehydrogenase (MCADH) and the common, human disease-causing K304E mutant ([Glu304]MCADH) protein were expressed in Escherichia coli using an optimized system, and the enzymes were purified to apparent homogeneity. The crucial factor leading to the production of active [Glu304]MCADH protein is the expression in(More)
The influence of co-overexpression of the bacterial chaperonins GroEL and GroES on solubility, tetramer formation and enzyme activity of three variants of heterologously-expressed human medium-chain acyl-CoA dehydrogenase (MCAD) was analysed in order to investigate the molecular mechanism underlying MCAD deficiency caused by the prevalent K304E mutation.(More)
5385-5392 37 Enemark, J. H. and Young, C. G. (1993) Adv. Inorg. Chem. 40, 1-88 37a Howes, B. D., Bray, R. C., Richards, R. LA., Turner, N. A., Bennett, B. and Lowe, D. J. (1996) Biochemistry, in the press 38 Howes, B. D., Bennett, B., Bray, R. C., Richards, R. L. and Lowe, D. J. (1994) J. Am. Chem. Soc. 116, 11624-1 1625 39 Gambarotta, S., Floriani, C.,(More)
The catalytically essential glutamate residue that initiates catalysis by abstracting the substrate alpha-hydrogen as H+ is located at position 376 (mature MCADH numbering) on loop JK in medium chain acyl-CoA dehydrogenase (MCADH). In long chain acyl-CoA dehydrogenase (LCADH) and isovaleryl-CoA dehydrogenase (IVDH), the corresponding Glu carrying out the(More)
Medium-chain acyl-CoA dehydrogenase (MCADH) deficiency, an autosomal recessive inherited disorder, is the most common genetic disorder in mitochondrial beta-oxidation in humans. In addition to one prevalent disease-causing mutation (K304E), a series of rarer mutations has been reported, but none of these has yet been characterized in detail. We report here(More)
Crystal structures of the wild type human medium-chain acyl-CoA dehydrogenase (MCADH) and a double mutant in which its active center base-arrangement has been altered to that of long chain acyl-CoA dehydrogenase (LCADH), Glu376Gly/Thr255Glu, have been determined by X-ray crystallography at 2.75 and 2.4 A resolution, respectively. The catalytic base(More)
Two-dimensional gel electrophoresis was used to study and compare wild-type medium-chain acyl-CoA dehydrogenase (MCAD; EC 1.3.99.3) and mis-sense mutant enzyme found in patients with MCAD deficiency. By comparing the patterns for wild-type and mutant MCAD expressed in Escherichia coli or in eukaryotic COS-7 cells we demonstrate that variants with point(More)
Following resurgence in Bihar of epidemic kala-azar, outbreaks of the disease were identified simultaneously in two separate foci about 500 km apart in West Bengal in 1980. While the outbreak in one of these foci, in northern West Bengal, was the result of a direct extension of the Bihar epidemic, the source of parasite in the other (in the village of(More)