Ananda Baskaran Venkatachalam

Learn More
Force, Lynch and Conery proposed the duplication-degeneration-complementation (DDC) model in which partitioning of ancestral functions (subfunctionalization) and acquisition of novel functions (neofunctionalization) were the two primary mechanisms for the retention of duplicated genes. The DDC model was tested by analyzing the transcriptional induction of(More)
Genomic and cDNA sequences coding for a fatty acid-binding protein (FABP) in zebrafish were retrieved from DNA sequence databases. The cDNA codes for a protein of 14.7 kDa (pI = 5.94), and the gene consists of four exons, properties characteristic of most vertebrate FABP genes. Phylogenetic analyses using vertebrate FABPs indicated that this protein is most(More)
All fabp genes, except fabp2, fabp3 and fabp6, exist as duplicates in the zebrafish genome owing to a whole genome duplication event ~230-400 million years ago. Transcription of some duplicated fabp genes is modulated by fatty acids (FAs) and/or clofibrate, a peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR) agonist. We had also shown previously that the(More)
Here we describe the structure of the fatty acid-binding protein 11a and 11b genes (fabp11a and fabp11b) in medaka, and their evolutionary relationship to fabp11 genes from other teleost fishes. Initial studies indicated that the medaka fabp11a gene is intronless, but the fabp11b gene consists of four exons separated by three introns, a genomic organization(More)
We describe the evolutionary diversification of the duplicated ileal fatty acid-binding protein genes (fabp6a and fabp6b) from Japanese ricefish (Oryzias latipes; medaka) and three-spined stickleback (Gasterosteus aculeatus). The fabp6a and fabp6b genes from medaka and three-spined stickleback encode polypeptides of 125-127 amino acids, which share highest(More)
Ischemia / reperfusion injury (IRI) during the course of liver transplantation enhances the immunogenicity of allografts and thus impacts overall graft outcome. This sterile inflammatory insult is known to activate innate immunity and propagate organ damage through the recognition of damage-associate molecular pattern (DAMP) molecules. The purpose of the(More)
Genomic and cDNA sequences coding for two cellular retinol-binding proteins (rbp) in zebrafish were retrieved from DNA sequence databases. Phylogenetic analysis revealed that these proteins were most similar to mammalian RBP7/Rbp7 proteins. Hence, the genes coding for these proteins were named rbp7a and rbp7b. Using a radiation hybrid panel, rbp7a and rbp7b(More)
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE Liver transplantation is the treatment of choice in patients with end-stage liver disease. During liver transplantation, ischemia-reperfusion injury (IRI) occurs, which is an inevitable consequence of the transplantation process. To reduce the extent of cellular injury, one of the proteins that have been extensively investigated is heme(More)
Increasing organismal complexity during the evolution of life has been attributed to the duplication of genes and entire genomes. More recently, theoretical models have been proposed that postulate the fate of duplicated genes, among them the duplication-degeneration-complementation (DDC) model. In the DDC model, the common fate of a duplicated gene is lost(More)
PURPOSE OF THE STUDY Postsurgical adhesions can occur after laparotomy and can cause morbidity. Local delivery of sirolimus prevented adhesion formation in various experiments. We analyzed the impact of orally dosed mammalian target of rapamycin inhibitors on abdominal adhesion formation and wound tensile strength in an experimental model. MATERIALS AND(More)
  • 1