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The events of myoblast fusion in Drosophila are dissected here by combining genetic analysis with light and electron microscopy. We describe a new and essential intermediate step in the process, the formation of a prefusion complex consisting of "paired vesicles." These pairs of vesicles from different cells align with each other across apposed plasma(More)
We have employed a genetic approach to study the resistance of tomato to the phytopathogenic bacterium Pseudomonas syringae pv tomato. Resistance to P. s. tomato depends upon expression of the Pto locus in tomato, which encodes a protein with similarity to serine/threonine protein kinases and recognizes pathogen strains expressing the avirulence gene(More)
The release of biogenic amines from large dense core vesicles (LDCVs) depends on localization of the vesicular monoamine transporter VMAT2 to LDCVs. We now find that a cluster of acidic residues including two serines phosphorylated by casein kinase 2 is required for the localization of VMAT2 to LDCVs. Deletion of the acidic cluster promotes the removal of(More)
The bacterial speck disease of tomato has been developed as a model system to elucidate the molecular basis of specificity in plant-bacterial interactions and to study signal transduction events involved in the expression of plant disease resistance. We have employed a mutagenic approach to define the steps involved in the expression of disease resistance(More)
BACKGROUND Allosteric inhibition is a promising approach for developing a new group of anticoagulants with potentially reduced bleeding consequences. Recently, we designed sulfated β-O4 lignin (SbO4L) as an allosteric inhibitor that targets exosite 2 of thrombin to reduce fibrinogen cleavage through allostery and compete with glycoprotein Ibα to reduce(More)
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