Anand V. Pathak

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The protein kinase C (PKC) family of serine/threonine kinases functions downstream of nearly all membrane-associated signal transduction pathways. Here we identify PKC-alpha as a fundamental regulator of cardiac contractility and Ca(2+) handling in myocytes. Hearts of Prkca-deficient mice are hypercontractile, whereas those of transgenic mice overexpressing(More)
Abnormal calcium cycling, characteristic of experimental and human heart failure, is associated with impaired sarcoplasmic reticulum calcium uptake activity. This reflects decreases in the cAMP-pathway signaling and increases in type 1 phosphatase activity. The increased protein phosphatase 1 activity is partially due to dephosphorylation and inactivation(More)
Ischemic heart disease, which remains the leading cause of morbidity and mortality in the Western world, is invariably characterized by impaired cardiac function and disturbed Ca(2+) homeostasis. Because enhanced inhibitor-1 (I-1) activity has been suggested to preserve Ca(2+) cycling, we sought to define whether increases in I-1 activity in the adult heart(More)
OBJECTIVE Exogenous catecholamine exposure has been associated with p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) and cardiac hypertrophy. In this study, we investigated the regulation of p38 MAPK in cardiac remodeling elicited by endogenous adrenergic mechanisms. METHODS Transgenic male and female mice with fourfold phospholamban (PLB) overexpression(More)
The protein kinase C (PKC) family of serine/threonine kinases functions downstream of nearly all membrane-associated signal transduction pathways. Here we identify PKC-α as a fundamental regulator of cardiac contractility and Ca2+ handling in myocytes. Hearts of Prkca-deficient mice are hypercontractile, whereas those of transgenic mice overexpressing Prkca(More)
Aberrant beta-adrenergic signaling and depressed calcium homeostasis, associated with an imbalance of protein kinase A and phosphatase-1 activities, are hallmarks of heart failure. Phosphatase-1 is restrained by its endogenous inhibitor, protein phosphatase inhibitor-1 (PPI-1). We assessed 352 normal subjects, along with 959 patients with heart failure and(More)
BACKGROUND Phospholamban (PLN) is an inhibitor of the Ca2+ affinity of sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) Ca2+-ATPase (SERCA2). The amino acid sequence of PLN is highly conserved, and although all species contain asparagine (Asn), human PLN is unique in containing lysine (Lys) at amino acid 27. METHODS AND RESULTS Human PLN was introduced in the null background.(More)
OBJECTIVES A human protein phosphatase inhibitor-1 polymorphism, G147D (c.440G>A, p.147G>D), has been previously demonstrated to blunt the contractile responses of cardiomyocytes to beta-adrenergic agonists. The present study sought to examine whether the G147D inhibitor-1 polymorphism may be associated with specific clinical characteristics of heart(More)
Transgenesis based on organ specific gene expression has provided the basis to elucidate the functional role of proteins for the past 15 years. Using this technology, we showed that inhibition of the protein phosphatase 1, by its constitutively active inhibitor-1, significantly increases cardiac contractility and calcium handling. To uncover protein changes(More)
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