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Matrix metalloproteinase 2 (MMP2) is a collagenase, which aids tumor growth and invasion by digesting the extracellular matrix surrounding the tumor tissue. Our study examined MMP2 expression in various stages of melanoma progression and tested the prognostic significance of MMP2 expression. We also analyzed the correlation between p-Akt status and MMP2(More)
The phosphoinositol 3 kinase (PI3K) and the phosphoinositide dependent kinase (PDK1) stimulate the serum and glucocorticoid inducible kinase (SGK) and protein kinase B (PKB/Akt) isoforms, kinases stimulating a variety of transporters. Most recently, SGK1 was shown to stimulate the peptide transporters PepT1 and PepT2, and to mediate the glucocorticoid(More)
PPARgamma agonists, such as pioglitazone, are widely used in the treatment of diabetes and several further disorders. They enhance transcription of the serum and glucocorticoid inducible kinase SGK1, which could in turn enhance gastric acid secretion by stimulating KCNQ1 K+ channels. The present study explored whether pioglitazone upregulates SGK1 protein(More)
Glucocorticoids regulate the function of dendritic cells (DCs), antigen-presenting cells linking innate and adaptive immunity. Glucocorticoids influence the function of other cell types by modulating the activity of the Na(+)/H(+)exchanger (NHE), a carrier involved in the regulation of cytosolic pH and cell volume. The present study explored whether(More)
BACKGROUND Cisplatin resistance has been mainly associated with decreased cellular accumulation and increased intracellular glutathione (GSH) levels. ATP is known to increase the membrane permeability of cells and to decrease intracellular GSH levels. Our study aimed at using extracellular ATP to sensitize ovarian carcinoma cells towards cisplatin. (More)
BACKGROUND Genomic instability due to UV radiation is one of the leading causes for melanoma. Histone acetyltransferase p300 plays an indispensible role in DNA repair and maintenance of genomic integrity. The present study was performed to analyze the correlation between p300 expression, melanoma progression and patient survival. METHODS Tissue microarray(More)
Adenomatous polyposis coli (APC) is a tumor suppressor gene inactivated in familial adenomatous polyposis and sporadic colorectal cancer. Mice carrying a loss-of-function mutation in the apc gene (apc(Min/+)) spontaneously develop gastrointestinal tumors. APC fosters degradation of beta-catenin, which in turn upregulates the serum- and(More)
Dendritic cells (DCs), antigen-presenting cells that are able to initiate primary immune responses and to establish immunological memory, are activated by exposure to bacterial lipopolysaccharides (LPS), which leads to cell swelling, triggering ROS formation and stimulating migration. The function of DCs is regulated by the phosphoinositide 3 (PI3) kinase(More)
According to previous observations, basal gastric acid secretion is downregulated by phosphoinositol-3-(PI3)-kinase, phosphoinositide-dependent kinase (PDK1), and protein kinase B (PKBβ/Akt2) signaling. PKB/Akt phosphorylates glycogen synthase kinase GSK3. The present study explored whether PKB/Akt-dependent GSK3-phosphorylation modifies gastric acid(More)
Glucocorticoids stimulate gastric acid secretion, an effect favoring the development of peptic ulcers. Putative mechanisms involved include the serum- and glucocorticoid-inducible kinase (SGK1), which stimulates a variety of epithelial channels and transporters. The present study explored the contribution of SGK1 to effects of glucocorticoids on gastric(More)