Anand Rajendran

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PURPOSE To investigate the mechanism of angiogenesis in proliferative diabetic retinopathy (PDR) and Eales' disease (ED) on the basis of the levels of proinflammatory cytokines, angiogenic growth factor, and antiangiogenic factor in the vitreous humor. METHODS Twenty-five patients with PDR, 10 patients with ED, and 25 with macular hole (MH) as control(More)
PURPOSE To identify novel mutations in FZD4 gene that cause familial exudative vitreoretinopathy (FEVR) in Indian patients. METHODS The study was conducted on 75 subjects from 53 Indian families. These families were clinically diagnosed to have FEVR by fundus examination and fluorescein angiography. The candidate gene FZD4 was amplified from genomic DNA(More)
PURPOSE X-linked juvenile retinoschisis (XLRS) is the leading cause of macular degeneration in males. This condition is caused by mutations in the RS1 gene and is, characterized by schisis within the retina. The purpose of this study was to identify the mutations in the RS1 gene associated with XLRS in an Indian cohort. METHODS The coding region of RS1(More)
The Wnt pathway plays important yet diverse roles in health and disease. Mutations in the Wnt receptor FZD4 gene have been confirmed to cause familial exudative vitreoretinopathy (FEVR). FEVR is characterized by incomplete vascularization of the peripheral retina, which can lead to vitreous bleeding, tractional retinal detachment, and blindness. We screened(More)
Subcellular fractions (mitochondrial, cytosolic and microsomal) prepared from the tissues (hepatopancreas, muscle and gill) of freshwater prawns Macrobrachium malcolmsonii and Macrobrachium lamarrei lamarrei were scrutinized to investigate the presence of mixed function oxygenase (MFO) and conjugating enzymes (glutathione-S-transferase, GST). Cytochrome(More)
Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is the most common cause of vision loss in developed countries. A defining characteristic of this disorder is the accumulation of material between Bruch's membrane and the retinal pigment epithelium (RPE), first as microscopic basal deposits and later as clinically evident drusen. The pathogenesis of these deposits(More)
Diabetic retinopathy (DR) is classically defined as a microvasculopathy that primarily affects the small blood vessels of the inner retina as a complication of diabetes mellitus (DM).It is a multifactorial disease with a strong genetic component. The aim of this study is to investigate the association of a set of nine candidate genes with the development of(More)
A total of 30 leprosy patients (controls n = 16; topical phenytoin n = 14) with trophic ulcers on the feet were investigated to ascertain the efficacy of topical phenytoin powder in the healing of ulcers. The ulcers in the two groups were matched for initial size. Healing patterns were assessed by determining changes in depth and planar (surface) dimensions(More)
PURPOSE To compare the outcomes of vitrectomy with or without internal limiting membrane peeling for rhegmatogenous retinal detachment and coexisting macular hole. METHODS Thirty-one consecutive patients (31 eyes) with macula-off retinal detachment, peripheral breaks and a coexisting macular hole were prospectively enrolled over a 3-year period. All(More)
The association between serous retinal detachment of macula (SRD) in hypertensive retinopathy (HTR) and malignant hypertension has been reported. This cross-sectional study included 14 consecutive patients on treatment for hypertension, who were referred for ophthalmic evaluation and were found to have macular SRD, documented by optical coherence(More)