Anand P. Khandwekar

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Implanted polymeric materials, such as medical devices, provoke the body to initiate an inflammatory reaction, known as the foreign body response (FBR), which causes several complications. In this study, polyurethane (Tecoflex®, PU) surface modified with the nonionic surfactant Tween80® (PU/T80) and the cell adhesive PLL-RGD peptide (PU/PLL-RGD) by a(More)
Sulfobetaine-modified poly(ethylene terephthalate) (PET) systems were created by physically entrapping the zwitterionic species on the PET surface. The presence of the sulfobetiane molecules on these surfaces were verified by ATR-FTIR and SEM-EDAX analysis, while wettability of the films was investigated by water contact angle measurements. The blood(More)
Sulfobetaine-modified polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA) systems were created by physically entrapping the zwitterionic species on the PMMA surface. The presence of the sulfobetaine molecules on these surfaces were verified by ATR-FTIR and SEM-EDAX analysis, while wettability of the films was investigated by dynamic contact angle measurements. The short-term (4(More)
Improving blood compatibility of biodegradable polymers is an area of intensive research in blood contacting devices. In this study, curdlan sulphate and heparin-modified poly (caprolactone) (PCL) hybrids were developed by physically entrapping these molecules on the PCL surface. This modification technique was performed by reversible gelation of the PCL(More)
Bacterial adhesion and encrustation are the known causes for obstruction or blockage of urethral catheters and ureteral stents, which often hinders their effective use within the urinary tract. In this in vitro study, polyvinylpyrrolidone-iodine (PVP-I) complex modified polyurethane (Tecoflex(®)) systems were created by physically entrapping the modifying(More)
Epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) is a plastic transition in tumor progression during which cancer cells undergo dramatic changes acquiring highly invasive properties. Transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β) is an inducer of EMT in epithelial cells and is obligatory for acquiring invasive phenotype in carcinoma. TGF-β plays a vital role in metastasis and(More)
Curdlan modified polyurethane was created by physically entrapping the former on TecoflexTM surface. ATR-FT-IR, SEM-EDAX and AFM analysis revealed the formation of stable thin curdlan layer on the film. Contact-angle measurements showed that the modified film was highly hydrophilic. Confocal laser scanning microscopy showed the existence of entrapped layer(More)
An in vivo rat cage implant system was used to study the effect of polyurethane surface chemistries on protein adsorption, macrophage adhesion, foreign-body giant cell formation (FBGCs), cellular apoptosis, and cytokine response. Polyurethanes with zwitterionic, anionic, and cationic chemistries were developed. The changes in the surface topography of the(More)
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