Anand Moodley

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• Snellen chart for far vision • Pen torch for pupil reaction • Occluder for cover testing • Red probe or red mydriatic bottle top for colour desaturation testing • Direct ophthalmoscope for fundoscopy Also useful: • Ruler for lid function and pupil diameter • Cotton wool and office pin for sensation testing • Pseudo-isochromatic plates for colour vision(More)
Cryptococcal induced visual loss is a devastating complication in survivors of cryptococcal meningitis (CM). Early detection is paramount in prevention and treatment. Subclinical optic nerve dysfunction in CM has not hitherto been investigated by electrophysiological means. We undertook a prospective study on 90 HIV sero-positive patients with culture(More)
Diseases which affect the visual pathway or the nerves to the eye muscles are often serious. This article summarises the anatomy and function of the 2nd, 3rd, 4th and 6th cranial nerves and the signs and symptoms which are important in making a correct diagnosis. N euro-ophthalmology includes the specialties of neurology and ophthalmology. Skills of both(More)
The relationship between pseudotumor cerebri and contraceptive drugs is controversial. Its association with Implanon, an implantable single-rod contraceptive containing etonogestrel (a progestogen) has not been reported but is the subject of many medico-legal cases. The authors present two case reports of patients using Implanon and who subsequently(More)
Acute disseminated encephalomyelitis is a monophasic demyelinating disorder of the central nervous system associated with various viral infections including HIV infection. We present the findings of seven HIV-infected patients with mild to moderate immunosuppression presenting with atypical features. Four patients had a multiphasic course; three patients(More)
Visual loss in cryptococcal meningitis has been postulated to be due to papilloedema and/or optic neuritis. A 28-year-old human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-positive female presented with visual loss, swollen optic discs, and elevated intracranial pressure due to cryptococcal meningitis. Computerised tomographic cisternography and T2-weighted magnetic(More)
The role of the optic canal in the pathogenesis of papilloedema has been under scrutiny recently. Whether a larger canal precedes more severe papilloedema or is the result of bone remodelling from chronically raised pressure across a pressure gradient is not clear. The authors present the magnetic resonance imaging findings of a 29-year-old female with(More)
Adie's pupil is characterised by pupil dilatation, segmental iris palsy, light-near dissociation, and slow re-dilatation. Most commonly, tonic pupils are unilateral and idiopathic, but can be caused by orbital disorders and autonomic neuropathies. There are only a few case reports of tonic pupils in patients with Sjögren's syndrome, caused by an autoimmune(More)
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