Anand Moodley

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Multidrug-resistant (MDR) pulmonary tuberculosis (TB) is well described in the literature. Reports of MDR TB meningitis (MDR-TBM), however, are limited to case reports and a single case series. During the period of 1999-2002, 350 patients with TBM were identified by cerebrospinal fluid culture for TB. Thirty patients (8.6%) had TB that was resistant to at(More)
BACKGROUND HIV-associated cryptococcal meningoencephalitis (CM) is a leading cause of adult meningitis in sub-Saharan Africa. Neuroradiological data is however limited to case reports and small case series from developed countries and/or immunocompetent patients. METHODS Eighty seven patients aged ≥18 hospitalized with a first episode of CM had magnetic(More)
Cryptococcal induced visual loss is a devastating complication in survivors of cryptococcal meningitis (CM). Early detection is paramount in prevention and treatment. Subclinical optic nerve dysfunction in CM has not hitherto been investigated by electrophysiological means. We undertook a prospective study on 90 HIV sero-positive patients with culture(More)
• Snellen chart for far vision • Pen torch for pupil reaction • Occluder for cover testing • Red probe or red mydriatic bottle top for colour desaturation testing • Direct ophthalmoscope for fundoscopy Also useful: • Ruler for lid function and pupil diameter • Cotton wool and office pin for sensation testing • Pseudo-isochromatic plates for colour vision(More)
Diseases which affect the visual pathway or the nerves to the eye muscles are often serious. This article summarises the anatomy and function of the 2nd, 3rd, 4th and 6th cranial nerves and the signs and symptoms which are important in making a correct diagnosis. N euro-ophthalmology includes the specialties of neurology and ophthalmology. Skills of both(More)