Anand Kumar Singh

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The study aimed to investigate the involvement of nitric oxide (NO) in maneb (MB)- and paraquat (PQ)-induced Parkinson’s disease (PD) phenotype in mouse and its subsequent contribution to lipid peroxidation. Animals were treated intraperitoneally with or without MB and PQ, twice a week for 3, 6 and 9 weeks. In some sets of experiments (9 weeks treated(More)
The study aimed to investigate the effects of cypermethrin on biochemical, histopathological, and motor behavioral indices of the nigrostriatal dopaminergic system in adult rats treated with or without cypermethrin (1/10 adult dose) during postnatal days 5-19. Spontaneous locomotor activity (SLA) and rotarod tests were performed to assess motor behavior.(More)
The study aimed to identify the differentially expressed nigrostriatal proteins in cypermethrin-induced neurodegeneration and to investigate the role of microglial activation therein. Proteomic approaches were used to identify the differentially expressed proteins. Microglial activation, tyrosine hydroxylase immunoreactivity (TH-IR), dopamine content, and(More)
Rodent models and molecular tools, mainly omics and RNA interference, have been rigorously used to decode the intangible etiology and pathogenesis of Parkinson’s disease (PD). Although convention of contemporary molecular techniques and multiple rodent models paved imperative leads in deciphering the role of putative causative factors and sequential events(More)
BACKGROUND Clinical proteomics has been widely used to identify differentially displayed proteins in blood and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) to understand the molecular and cellular events leading to Parkinson's disease (PD). The close connection between CSF and the brain offers reliable and reproducible way to assess the majority of changes in the brain(More)
Long-term exposure to cypermethrin induces the nigrostriatal dopaminergic neurodegeneration in adult rats and its pre-exposure in the critical periods of brain development enhances the susceptibility during adulthood. Monoamine transporters, xenobiotic metabolizing enzymes and oxidative stress play critical roles in the nigrostriatal dopaminergic(More)
Cypermethrin, a class II pyrethroid pesticide, is used to control insects in the household and agricultural fields. Despite beneficial roles, its uncontrolled and repetitive applications lead to unintended effects in non-target organisms. Cypermethrin crosses the blood-brain barrier and induces neurotoxicity and motor deficits. Cypermethrin prolongs the(More)
This study was undertaken to investigate the effect of cypermethrin on the expression patterns of mRNAs in the striatum of adulthood alone and postnatal pre-exposed followed by adulthood re-exposed rats using discover chips rat microarrays. The expression patterns of V-akt murine thymoma viral oncogene homolog 1, B-cell lymphoma 2 (BCL-2), BCL-2-associated(More)
Previously, we reported that pyrogallol, an anti-psoriatic agent, causes hepatotoxicity in experimental animals and silymarin, an herbal antioxidant, reduces pyrogallol-induced changes [Upadhyay, G., Kumar, A., Singh, M.P., 2007. Effect of silymarin on pyrogallol- and rifampicin-induced hepatotoxicity in mouse. Eur. J. Pharmacol. 565, 190-201.]. The present(More)
Kaempferol, a flavonoid, promotes osteoblast mineralization in vitro and bone formation in vivo; however, its mechanism of action is yet unknown. We adopted proteomic approach to identify the differential effect of kaempferol on rat primary calvarial osteoblasts during mineralization. The primary rat calvarial osteoblasts were treated with kaempferol (5.0(More)