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This study examines the formation of bacterial biofilms on percutaneous wires used for fracture fixation. Twelve control (clinically uninfected) wires and ten infected wires were collected and examined using broth culture and scanning electron microscopy. Three of the 12 control wires grew Staphylococcus spp. with very low bacterial counts in their(More)
BACKGROUND Capsular contracture remains a common and dreaded complication of breast augmentation. The etiology of capsular contracture is believed to be multi-factorial, and its causes may include biofilm formation due to implant/pocket contamination with skin flora. It has been shown that insertion funnel use reduces skin contact and potential(More)
BACKGROUND Severe open tibial fractures can be successfully treated acutely with a combined orthopedic and plastic surgery approach, but a proportion will go on to develop chronic osteomyelitis. For the past 6 years, an aggressive approach of bone and soft tissue debridement followed by skeletal reconstruction and vascularized tissue transfer has been(More)
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IntroductIon: There are an estimated 10 million women worldwide with breast implants and over 550,000 implants placed per year in the United States. Breast implant-associated anaplastic large-cell lymphoma (BI-­ ALCL) is a distinctive type of T-cell lymphoma that arises around breast implants. Although rare, all cases of BI-­ ALCL with adequate surgical(More)
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