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We present in this paper evidence about the effects and mechanisms of gender peer effect in primary, middle, and high schools. For identification, we rely on idiosyncratic variations in gender composition across adjacent cohorts within the same schools. We find that an increase in the proportion of girls improves boys and girls' cognitive outcomes. These(More)
Any opinions expressed here are those of the author(s) and not those of the institute. Research disseminated by IZA may include views on policy, but the institute itself takes no institutional policy positions. The Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA) in Bonn is a local and virtual international research center and a place of communication between(More)
In this paper, we estimate the extent of ability peer effects in the classroom and explore the underlying mechanisms through which these peer effects operate. We identify as low ability students those who are enrolled at least one year behind their birth cohort (" repeaters "). We show that there are marked differences between the academic performance and(More)
In this paper, we estimate the extent of ability peer effects in the classroom and explore the underlying mechanisms through which these peer effects operate. We identify as high ability students those who are enrolled at least one year ahead of their birth cohort (" skippers ") and as low ability students those who are enrolled at least one year behind(More)
participants at the Hebrew University and MIT for their helpful comments and suggestions. All errors are our own. The Bagrut 2001 program was funded by the Israel Ministry of Education and the Branco Weiss Foundation. The statements in this paper reflect the views of the authors and have not been endorsed by the program's sponsors. The views expressed(More)
Low labor force participation among mothers in North Africa and the Middle East is often attributed to cultural factors independent of economic considerations. There is little evidence, however, to support or refute this view. In September 1999, the Israeli government introduced free public preschool for children aged 3 and 4. I use this policy change to(More)
In this paper, I examine how student academic achievements and behavior were affected by a school finance policy experiment undertaken in elementary schools in Israel. Begun in 2004, the funding formula changed from a budget set per class to a budget set per student, with more weight given to students from lower socioeconomic and lower educational(More)
A longstanding question in the economics of the family is the relationship between sibship size and subsequent human capital formation and economic welfare. If there is a " quantity-quality trade-off, " then policies that discourage large families should lead to increased human capital, higher earnings, and, at the macro level, promote economic development.(More)
The consequences of gender social and learning interactions in the classroom are of interest to parents, policy makers, and researchers. However, little is known about gender peer effects in schools and their operational channels. In this paper, we estimate the effects of classroom gender composition on scholastic achievements of boys and girls in Israeli(More)
  • Yevgeny Mugermana, Orly Sadea, +10 authors Avi Wohl
  • 2015
In 2005, a drastic reform in the Israeli capital market shifted the power to choose savings vehicles from employers to individuals. Using a unique dataset from a large employer, this event provides us a rare window into individuals' savings decisions and the effect of their social environment. In the first year following the reform's implementation, 7% of(More)