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In the present study we investigated the effects of infantile/prepubertal chronic oestrogen treatment, chemical sympathectomy with guanethidine and combined sympathectomy and chronic oestrogen treatment on developing sensory nerves of the rat uterus. Changes in sensory innervation were assessed quantitatively on uterine cryostat tissue sections stained for(More)
Oestrogen is a key factor in the remodelling of uterine sympathetic nerves during puberty and the oestrous cycle; these nerves are influenced by changes in their target uterine tissue. The magnitude of oestrogen-induced responses might however be influenced by the maturation stage of sympathetic nerve fibres, the age of the neurons and/or the developmental(More)
In the guinea pig, pregnancy is associated with a generalised depletion of noradrenaline in uterine sympathetic nerves and, in the areas of the uterus surrounding the foetus, by a complete degeneration of sympathetic nerve fibres. These pregnancy-induced changes have been interpreted as a selective effect of placental hormones on the system of short(More)
Previous studies have shown that chronic administration of oestrogen during postnatal rat development dramatically reduces the total content of noradrenaline in the uterine horn, abolishes myometrial noradrenergic innervation and reduces noradrenaline-fluorescence intensity of intrauterine perivascular nerve fibres. In the present study we analysed if this(More)
In order to evaluate the contribution of substrate-bound factors to the extent and patterning of the sympathetic innervation of rat uterus following estrogen treatment, superior cervical ganglion explants from neonatal and adult ovariectomized rats were cultured on tissue sections of fresh frozen uterus from adult ovariectomized rats treated with estrogen(More)
Uterine sympathetic innervation undergoes profound remodelling in response to physiological and experimental changes in the circulating levels of sex hormones. It is not known, however, whether this plasticity results from changes in the innervating neurons, the neuritogenic properties of the target tissue or both. Using densitometric immunohistochemistry,(More)
Chronic administration of oestrogen to rats during the infantile/prepubertal period provokes, at 28 days of age, complete loss of noradrenaline-labelled intrauterine sympathetic nerves. It is not known whether oestrogen inhibits the growth or causes the degeneration of developing uterine sympathetic nerves, or whether the uterus recovers its innervation(More)
The non-competitive NMDA receptor antagonist MK-801 elicits a behavioural syndrome in rodents characterized by hyperlocomotion and stereotypies, which is antagonized by antipsychotic drugs. NMDA receptor antagonists increase prefrontal cortex (PFC) activity in rodents, as assessed by electrophysiological and neurochemical measures. The increase in glutamate(More)
Current evidence indicates that rises in systemic levels of estrogen create in the uterus an inhibitory environment for sympathetic nerves. However, molecular insights of these changes are far from complete. We evaluated if semaphorin 3F mRNA, a sympathetic nerve repellent, was produced by the rat uterus and if its expression was modulated by estrogen. We(More)
Non-competitive N-methyl-d-aspartate receptor (NMDA-R) antagonists impair rodent cognition. Specifically, MK-801, the most potent NMDA-R antagonist, induces an amnesic effect on the modified elevated plus maze (mEPM) learning test in rodents, which reflects spatial long-term memory. However, alterations in anxiety-related behaviors could overlap this(More)