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Basic helix-loop-helix proteins (bHLHs) are found throughout the three eukaryotic kingdoms and constitute one of the largest families of transcription factors. A growing number of bHLH proteins have been functionally characterized in plants. However, some of these have not been previously classified. We present here an updated and comprehensive(More)
Plants sense the presence of potentially competing nearby individuals as a reduction in the red to far-red ratio of the incoming light. In anticipation of eventual shading, a set of plant responses known as the shade avoidance syndrome (SAS) is initiated soon after detection of this signal by the phytochrome photoreceptors. Here we analyze the function of(More)
The shade avoidance syndrome (SAS) refers to a set of plant responses initiated after perception by the phytochromes of light with a reduced red to far-red ratio, indicative of vegetation proximity or shade. These responses, including elongation growth, anticipate eventual shading from potential competitor vegetation by overgrowing neighboring plants or(More)
Photos courtesy of The Arabidopsis Information Resource and the RIKEN Plant Science Center. Acyl-Lipid Metabolism (update) Yonghua Li-Beisson, Basil Shorrosh, Fred Beisson, Mats X. Andersson, Vincent Arondel, Philip D. Bates, Sébastien Baud, David Bird, Allan DeBono, Timothy P. Durrett, Rochus B. Franke, Ian A. Graham, Kenta Katayama, Amélie A. Kelly, Tony(More)
PHYTOCHROME RAPIDLY REGULATED1 (PAR1) and PAR2 are two negative regulators of shade avoidance syndrome (SAS) responses in Arabidopsis. PAR1 and PAR2 belong to the bHLH family of transcription factors and act as direct transcriptional repressors of auxin- and brassinosteroid-responsive genes. These observations led us to propose that PAR1 and PAR2 might(More)
The shade avoidance syndrome (SAS) refers to a set of plant responses aimed at anticipating eventual shading by potential competitors. The SAS is initiated after perception of nearby vegetation as a reduction in the red to far-red ratio (R:FR) of the incoming light. Low R:FR light is perceived by the phytochromes, triggering dramatic changes in gene(More)
The shade avoidance syndrome (SAS) refers to a set of plant responses initiated after perception by the phytochromes of light enriched in far-red colour reflected from or filtered by neighbouring plants. These varied responses are aimed at anticipating eventual shading from potential competitor vegetation. In Arabidopsis thaliana, the most obvious SAS(More)
PAR1 is an atypical basic-helix-loop-helix (bHLH) protein that negatively regulates the shade avoidance syndrome in Arabidopsis thaliana acting as a transcriptional cofactor. Consistently with this function, PAR1 has to be in the nucleus to display biological activity. Previous structure-function analyses revealed that the N-terminal region of PAR1 drives(More)
When plants grow in close proximity basic resources such as light can become limiting. Under such conditions plants respond to anticipate and/or adapt to the light shortage, a process known as the shade avoidance syndrome (SAS). Following genetic screening using a shade-responsive luciferase reporter line (PHYB:LUC), we identified DRACULA2 (DRA2), which(More)
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