Anabela Gregório Dias

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Nanocrystalline diamond (NCD) has a great potential for prosthetic implants coating. Nevertheless, its biocompatibility still has to be better understood. To do so, we employed several materials characterization techniques (SEM, AFM, micro-Raman spectroscopy) and cell culture assays using MG63 osteoblast-like and human bone marrow cells. Biochemical(More)
Oxaliplatin is a platinum-derived antitumor drug that is active against cisplatin-resistant tumors and has lower overall toxicity than does cisplatin. DNA adduct formation is believed to mediate the cytotoxic activity of both compounds; however, the adducts may also be responsible for mutagenic and secondary tumorigenic activities. In this study, we have(More)
Two synthetic calcium phosphates in porous wedge shape, Bonelike and a commercial HA/beta-TCP biphasic material, were used as an alternative to bone autografts and allografts in the treatment of medial compartment osteoarthritis of varus knees. The structure of Bonelike has a 3D architecture that is computer controlled, and a composition that mimics the(More)
Two MK5 (45CaO-45P(2)O(5)-5MgO-5K(2)O, in mol%) and MT13 (45CaO-37P(2)O(5)-5MgO-13TiO(2), in mol%) glasses are prepared in the meta- and pyrophosphate regions and crystallized to obtain MK5B and MT13B, respectively. MK5B was obtained by controlled crystallization, and MT13B by powder sintering. As a result of these heat treatment processes, the crystalline(More)
PURPOSE To study the impact of shielding elements in the proximity of Intra-Operative Radiation Therapy (IORT) irradiation fields, and to generate graphical and quantitative information to assist radiation oncologists in the design of optimal shielding during pelvic and abdominal IORT. METHOD An IORT system was modeled with BEAMnrc and EGS++ Monte Carlo(More)
BACKGROUND Surgery of locally advanced and/or recurrent rectal cancer can be complemented with intra-operative electron radiation therapy (IOERT) to deliver a single dose of radiation directly to the unresectable margins, while sparing nearby sensitive organs/structures. Haemorrhages may occur and can affect the dose distribution, leading to an incorrect(More)
Two glass ceramics in the CaO--P2O5--MgO system with the incorporation of K2O or TiO2 oxides were prepared with the goal of using them as potential bone graft substitutes. The incorporation of TiO2 and K2O led to the preparation of specific crystalline phases in the structure of the glass ceramics, which show different degrees of biodegradation. In fact,(More)
In vivo and in vitro the concentration of vitellogenin (VTG) inside the oocyte can alter VTG production by the liver, modulating the synthesis of 17beta-estradiol (E(2)) by the ovary. To gain a greater insight into this mechanism, the in vitro production of free and conjugated testosterone (T), E(2), and androstenedione (A) by rainbow trout oocytes from the(More)
Computed tomography fluoroscopy (CTF) is a useful imaging technique to guide biopsies, particularly lung biopsies, but it also has the potential for very high hand exposures, despite use of quick-check method and needle holders whenever feasible. Therefore, reliable monitoring is crucial to ensure the safe use of CTF. This is a challenge, because ring(More)
The aim of this work was to evaluate the in vitro degradation behaviour of a 45CaO-37P(2)O(5)-5MgO-13TiO(2) (mol.%) glass ceramic, under two different simulated physiological conditions: normal physiological pH 7.4, and pH 3.0, which was designed to simulate the acidic conditions produced by osteoclast cells. The in vitro testing was carried out at 37(More)