Learn More
In contrast with mammals, adult fish brains exhibit an enormous potential to produce new cells. Proliferation zones, however, have been described in only a few species, hindering comparisons among genuses and orders. Here we analyzed brain cell proliferation in annual teleostean fishes Austrolebias (Cyprinodontiform: Rivulidae). Immunocytochemistry against(More)
The region that surrounds the central canal (CC) in the turtle spinal cord is a neurogenic niche immersed within already functional circuits, where radial glia expressing brain lipid binding protein (BLBP) behave as progenitors. The behaviour of both progenitors and neuroblasts within adult neurogenic niches must be regulated to maintain the functional(More)
Glutaric (GA) and 3-hydroxyglutaric (OHGA) acids accumulate in glutaric acidemia I (GAI), a neurometabolic disease characterized by acute striatal degeneration and chronic progressive cortical atrophy. To explore the hypothesis that astrocytes are involved in GAI pathogenesis and targets of accumulating metabolites, we determined the effects of GA and OHGA(More)
BACKGROUND We have investigated whether an acute metabolic damage to astrocytes during the neonatal period may critically disrupt subsequent brain development, leading to neurodevelopmental disorders. Astrocytes are vulnerable to glutaric acid (GA), a dicarboxylic acid that accumulates in millimolar concentrations in Glutaric Acidemia I (GA-I), an inherited(More)
The cells lining the central canal (CC) of the spinal cord derive from the ventral part of the neural tube and, in some vertebrates, are responsible for the functional recovery after spinal cord injury. The region that surrounds the CC in the turtle contains proliferating cells that seem to generate both glia and neurons. Understanding the biology of spinal(More)
Glutaric acid (GA) is a neurotoxic metabolite that accumulates in the CNS of patients with glutaric acidemia-I (GA-I), a neurometabolic disease caused by deficient activity of glutaryl-CoA dehydrogenase. Most GA-I patients display characteristic CNS lesions, mainly in the gray and white matter of basal ganglia and cerebral cortex. Neurons and astrocytes are(More)
Whereas most previous studies on emotion in language have focussed on single words, we investigated the influence of the emotional valence of a word on the syntactic and semantic processes unfolding during sentence comprehension, by means of event-related brain potentials (ERP). Experiment 1 assessed how positive, negative, and neutral adjectives that could(More)
In lower vertebrates, some cells contacting the central canal (CC) retain the ability to proliferate, leading the reconstruction of the spinal cord after injury. A better understanding about the nature of these cells could contribute to the development of novel strategies for spinal cord repair. Here, by combining light and electron microscopy,(More)
The olfacto-retinal centrifugal system, a constant component of the central nervous system that appears to exist in all vertebrate groups, is part of the terminal nerve (TN) complex. TN allows the integration of different sensory modalities, and its anatomic variability may have functional and evolutionary significance. We propose that the olfacto-retinal(More)
The spinal cords and brains--comprising dorsal cortex (DC), medial cortex (MC) and diencephalon (Dien)--of juvenile turtles acclimated to warm temperature [27-30 degrees C; warm-acclimated turtles (WATs)] revealed higher density values of bromodeoxyuridine-labeled cells (BrdU-LCs) than those acclimated to a cooler environment [5-14 degrees C;(More)