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Any opinions expressed here are those of the author(s) and not those of IZA. Research published in this series may include views on policy, but the institute itself takes no institutional policy positions. The Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA) in Bonn is a local and virtual international research center and a place of communication between science,(More)
Weight-loss interventions generally improve lipid profiles and reduce cardiovascular disease risk, but effects are variable and may depend on genetic factors. We performed a genetic association analysis of data from 2,993 participants in the Diabetes Prevention Program to test the hypotheses that a genetic risk score (GRS) based on deleterious alleles at 32(More)
Rectal atresia (with a normal anus) is a rare abnormality. A boy was operated upon successfully by using a single stage sacral approach, when he was 1 yr old. In the neonatal period he had a colostomy done for decompression. This colostomy was later useful in demonstrating the distance between the two blind pouches of the anal canal and the rectosigmoid(More)
Spanish adaptation of the European Guidelines on Cardiovascular Disease Prevention We are pleased to present the European Guidelines on Cardio-vascular Disease Prevention, translated and adapted by the Interdis-ciplinary Spanish Committee for Cardiovascular Disease Prevention. This guide is focused on the prevention of cardiovascular disease as a whole,(More)
BACKGROUND An adequate evaluation of exacerbations is a primary objective in managing patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). OBJECTIVES To define the profile of health status recovery during severe exacerbations of COPD using the COPD Assessment Test (CAT) questionnaire and to evaluate its prognostic value. METHODS Forty-five(More)
Excess bodyweight has an important impact on the physiology of breathing. In fact, it affects resting lung volumes and exercise capacity. These effects appear as a consequence of ventilatory and inflammatory changes commonly associated to obesity. As a result, obese individuals have a rapid and shallow pattern of breathing, their respiratory compliance is(More)
INTRODUCTION obesity impacts on respiratory function and also it acts as a risk factor for obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). AIMS to study the effects of bariatric surgery on pulmonary function tests and on OSA in morbidly obese women over 4 years. METHODS fifteen morbidly obese women (mean body mass index [BMI] 50.52 ± 12.71 kg.m-2, mean age 40.13 ± 10.06(More)
BACKGROUND The impact of hospital emergency care and inward admission for acute exacerbations of COPD on inhaled maintenance treatment is not well known. OBJECTIVE Therefore, we evaluated the impact of short-stay emergency hospital care and inward admission for acute exacerbation of COPD (eCOPD) on inhaled maintenance treatment prescribed at discharge. (More)
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