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OBJECTIVES The objective of the study was to determine the perceptibility and acceptability thresholds for dental ceramics using CIEDE2000 (ΔE(00)) and CIELAB (ΔE(ab)(*)) color difference formulas and a novel TSK Fuzzy Approximation. METHODS A 13-observer panel performed independent observations of perceptibility and acceptability judgments on 105 pairs(More)
This study deals with the influence of surface roughness on the color of resin composites. Ten resin composites (microfilled, hybrid, and microhybrid) were each polished with 500-grit, 1200-grit, 2000-grit, and 4000-grit SiC papers. The roughness parameter (R(a)) was measured using a Plμ confocal microscope, and field-emission scanning electron microscope(More)
There is reasonable agreement between the orientation of the major axes of the a*b* tolerance ellipses in the blue region and the slope of the tritanopic confusion lines passing through their centers. This agreement includes some experimental facts such as the approximate constant orientation of the ellipses when the luminance of the center changes and the(More)
We have measured the chromatic-discrimination ellipses with different luminances for 66 stimuli distributed throughout the CIE-1931 chromatic diagram. The distribution of these stimuli enabled us to analyze the influence of luminance on discrimination from clearly photopic levels to levels that could enter the mesopic range. The results show a clear(More)
Spectroradiometric color measurements were performed at 26 regularly spaced points of a standard wine sampler into which 100 cc of wine were poured. Our goal is to describe the color changes occurring in this system, but not to propose a new method for wine-color measurement. Three samples of three different wines (red, rosé and white) were studied. From(More)
OBJECTIVES To develop a customized CIELAB-based whiteness index for dentistry that accurately correlates to perception of tooth whiteness. METHODS Four psychophysical experiments (PE1-4) were conducted by three panels of observers (OP1-3) under diffuse/0° observation/measuring conditions and under typical clinical viewing conditions. Nine whiteness(More)
This study aimed to evaluate and compare the optical properties of supra-nano spherical filled resin composites and the nanofilled, nano-hybrid and microhybrid composites using the Kubelka-Munk Theory. Diffuse reflectance of samples (Shade A2) was measured against white and black backgrounds, using a spectroradiometer, using a viewing booth with D65(More)
Discrimination thresholds on the tritan axis were obtained for an extensive group of 66 stimuli: in some of the stimuli, S-cone trolands were held constant by keeping the product of the S-cone excitation level and the luminance unchanged, while in others only the luminance was changed to establish various S-cone troland values. These thresholds depended(More)