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C. elegans has provided important insights into neuromuscular system function and development. However, the animal's small size limits access to individual neurons and muscle cells for physiological, biochemical, and molecular study. We describe here primary culture methods that allow C. elegans embryonic cells to differentiate into neurons and muscle cells(More)
Defecation in the nematode Caenorhabditis elegans is a readily observable ultradian behavioral rhythm that occurs once every 45-50 s and is mediated in part by posterior body wall muscle contraction (pBoc). pBoc is not regulated by neural input but instead is likely controlled by rhythmic Ca(2+) oscillations in the intestinal epithelium. We developed an(More)
The nematode Caenorhabditis elegans offers significant experimental advantages for defining the genetic basis of diverse biological processes. Genetic and physiological analyses have demonstrated that inositol-1,4,5-trisphosphate (IP3)-dependent Ca2+ oscillations in intestinal epithelial cells play a central role in regulating the nematode defecation cycle,(More)
1,4,5-trisphosphate (IP(3))-dependent Ca(2+) signaling regulates gonad function, fertility, and rhythmic posterior body wall muscle contraction (pBoc) required for defecation in Caenorhabditis elegans. Store-operated Ca(2+) entry (SOCE) is activated during endoplasmic reticulum (ER) Ca(2+) store depletion and is believed to be an essential and ubiquitous(More)
Posterior body wall muscle contraction (pBoc) in the nematode Caenorhabditis elegans occurs rhythmically every 45-50 s and mediates defecation. pBoc is controlled by inositol-1,4,5-trisphosphate (IP3)-dependent Ca2+ oscillations in the intestine. The intestinal epithelium can be studied by patch clamp electrophysiology, Ca2+ imaging, genome-wide reverse(More)
Inositol-1,4,5-trisphosphate (IP3)-dependent Ca2+ oscillations in Caenorhabditis elegans intestinal epithelial cells regulate the nematode defecation cycle. The role of plasma membrane ion channels in intestinal cell oscillatory Ca2+ signalling is unknown. We have shown previously that cultured intestinal cells express a Ca2+-selective conductance, I(ORCa),(More)
methods are technically demanding. Optical methods Nashville, Tennessee 37232 employing proteins such as GFP and Ca 2ϩ-sensitive ca-meleons (Miyawaki et al., 1999) hold promise for monitoring excitable cell intracellular Ca 2ϩ levels (Kerr et al., Summary 2000) and membrane potential (Khatchatouriants et al., 2000) in vivo. Whole animal imaging studies,(More)
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