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This work aimed to develop a technique to measure stained areas in images from sample tissue sections, namely when the structure of interest does not fill the entire image field of the microscope. We propose a semiautomated computer-assisted image analysis (SACAIA) method in which brightfield color images of 3,3'-diaminobenzidene tetrahydrochloride(More)
PURPOSE Metastatic melanoma is the deadliest form of skin cancer. It is highly resistant to conventional therapies,particularly to drugs that cause apoptosis as the main anticancer mechanism. Recently, induction of autophagic cell death is emerging as a novel therapeutic target for apoptotic-resistant cancers. We aimed to investigate the underlying(More)
Metastatic melanoma monotherapies with drugs such as dacarbazine, cisplatin or paclitaxel (PXT) are associated with significant toxicity and low efficacy rates. These facts reinforce the need for development of novel agents or combinatory strategies. Cl-IB-MECA is a small molecule, orally bioavailable, well tolerated and currently under clinical trials as(More)
Aiming at the development of new benzopyran-based photocleavable protecting groups, novel chloromethylated and hydroxymethylated 2-oxo-2H-benzo[h]benzopyran derivatives bearing a methoxy substituent were designed and used in the synthesis of a series of fluorescent bioconjugates, by linking through an ester or urethane bond to several model neurotransmitter(More)
Aiming at the enhancement of the performance of (9-methoxy-3-oxo-3H-benzo[f]benzopyran-1-yl) methyl ester as photocleavable protecting group for the carboxylic acid function at long-wavelengths, 9-methoxy-3-thioxo-3H-benzo[f]benzopyran-l-valine and l-phenylalanine model conjugates were prepared through a thionation reaction of the corresponding(More)
Whole-plant morphology, leaf structure and composition were studied together with the effects of light orientation on the dorso-ventral regulation of photosynthesis and stomatal conductance in Paspalum dilatatum cv. Raki plants grown for 6 wk at either 350 or 700 microl l(-1) CO(2). Plant biomass was doubled as a result of growth at high CO(2) and the(More)
This work aimed to investigate the molecular mechanisms involved in the interaction of alpha2-adrenoceptors and adenosine A2A-receptor-mediated facilitation of noradrenaline release in rat tail artery, namely the type of G-protein involved in this effect and the step or steps where the signalling cascades triggered by alpha2-adrenoceptors and A2A-receptors(More)
Angiotensin II plays a crucial role in the control of blood pressure, acting at AT1 or AT2 receptors, and can act as a potent vasoconstrictor of the peripheral vasculature inducing hypertrophy, hyperplasia, or both, in resistance arteries. The aim of the present study was to investigate whether the pattern of distribution of angiotensin AT1 and AT2(More)
The synthesis of a novel fused nitrogen heterocycle, benzoquinolone, for evaluation as a photocleavable protecting group is described for the first time by coupling to model amino acids (alanine, phenylalanine and glutamic acid). Conversion of the phenylalanine ester conjugate to the thionated derivative was accomplished by reaction with Lawesson’s reagent.(More)
PURPOSE Metastatic melanoma is considered one of the most aggressive malignant tumours, representing the deadliest form of skin cancer. Melanoma progression is associated with the abrogation of normal controls that limit cell proliferation, migration, and invasion, eventually leading to metastasis. Based on the variety of cellular mechanisms involved in(More)