Learn More
Organic solvents can be toxic to microorganisms, depending on the inherent toxicity of the solvent and the intrinsic tolerance of the bacterial species and strains. The toxicity of a given solvent correlates with the logarithm of its partition coefficient in n-octanol and water (log Pow). Organic solvents with a log Pow between 1.5 and 4.0 are extremely(More)
The peptide snakin-2 (StSN2) has been isolated from potato (Solanum tuberosum cv Jaerla) tubers and found to be active (EC(50) = 1-20 microM) against fungal and bacterial plant pathogens. It causes a rapid aggregation of both Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria. The corresponding StSN2 cDNA encodes a signal sequence followed by a 15-residue acidic(More)
In Pseudomonas putida DOT-T1E multidrug efflux pumps of the resistance-nodulation-division family make a major contribution to solvent resistance. Two pumps have been identified: TtgABC, expressed constitutively, and TtgDEF, induced by aromatic hydrocarbons. A double mutant lacking both efflux pumps was able to survive a sudden toluene shock if and only if(More)
The basic mechanisms underlying solvent tolerance in Pseudomonas putida DOT-T1E are efflux pumps that remove the solvent from bacterial cell membranes. The solvent-tolerant P. putida DOT-T1E grows in the presence of high concentrations (e.g., 1% [vol/vol]) of toluene and octanol. Growth of P. putida DOT-T1E cells in LB in the presence of toluene supplied(More)
Pseudomonas putida DOT-T1E is tolerant to toluene and other toxic hydrocarbons through extrusion of the toxic compounds from the cell by means of three efflux pumps, TtgABC, TtgDEF, and TtgGHI. To identify other cellular factors that allow the growth of P. putida DOT-T1E in the presence of high concentrations of toluene, we performed two-dimensional gel(More)
Bacteria in nature are exposed to variations in temperature, and are affected by the availability of nutrients and water and the presence of toxic molecules. Their reactions to these changes require a series of rapid adaptive responses. Although transcriptional regulation is of primary importance in these responses, translational regulation and even(More)
Isomerization of cis to trans unsaturated fatty acids is a mechanism enabling Gram-negative bacteria belonging to the genera Pseudomonas and Vibrio to adapt to several forms of environmental stress. The extent of the isomerization apparently correlates with the fluidity effects caused, i.e. by an increase in temperature or the accumulation of membrane-toxic(More)
The Acinetobacter pcaIJFBDKCHG operon encodes the six enzymes that convert protocatechuate to citric acid cycle intermediates. Directly downstream from the operon are qui and pob genes encoding sets of enzymes that convert quinate and p-hydroxybenzoate, respectively, to protocatechuate. Prior to this investigation, the only known regulatory gene in the(More)
In Gram-negative bacteria, cell membrane fluidity is influenced by phospholipid head group composition and linked fatty acids. Exposure of Pseudomonas putida to stressing agents results in short- and long-term modifications in membrane lipids. The main adaptive change observed in response to organic solvents in the short term is the cis- to(More)
Bacteria have been found in all niches explored on Earth, their ubiquity derives from their enormous metabolic diversity and their capacity to adapt to changes in the environment. Some bacterial strains are able to thrive in the presence of high concentrations of toxic organic chemicals, such as aromatic compounds, aliphatic alcohols and solvents. The(More)