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BACKGROUND Anatomic diversity among cerebellar arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) calls for a classification that is intuitive and surgically informative. Selection tools like the Spetzler-Martin grading system are designed to work best with cerebral AVMs but have shortcomings with cerebellar AVMs. OBJECTIVE To define subtypes of cerebellar AVMs that(More)
BACKGROUND One response to randomized trials like the International Subarachnoid Aneurysm Trial has been to adopt a "coil first" policy, whereby all aneurysms be considered for coiling, reserving surgery for unfavorable aneurysms or failed attempts. Surgical results with middle cerebral artery (MCA) aneurysms have been excellent, raising debate about the(More)
OBJECT The conceptual division of intracranial arteries into segments provides a better understanding of their courses and a useful working vocabulary. Segmental anatomy of cerebral arteries is commonly cited by a numerical nomenclature, but an analogous nomenclature for cerebellar arteries has not been described. In this report, the microsurgical anatomy(More)
BACKGROUND Distal intracranial aneurysms are rare, have unclear origins, and are frequently nonsaccular. Published clinical experience with these aneurysms is limited. OBJECTIVE To examine differences between distal aneurysms of cerebral and cerebellar arteries and to examine results associated with surgical therapy in 140 patients. METHODS Distal(More)
BACKGROUND Contralateral clipping of middle cerebral artery (MCA) aneurysms seems dangerous and ill advised but could become an important technique because of the prevalence of MCA aneurysms, the limitations of endovascular therapy, and increasing interest in less invasive techniques. OBJECTIVE To define patient selection, surgical technique, and results(More)
BACKGROUND Distal middle cerebral artery (MCA) aneurysms frequently have nonsaccular morphology that necessitates trapping and bypass. Bypasses can be difficult because efferent arteries lie deep in the opercular cleft and may not be easily identifiable. OBJECTIVE We introduce the "flash fluorescence" technique, which uses videoangiography with(More)
Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) have a differentiation potential towards osteoblastic lineage when they are stimulated with soluble factors or specific biomaterials. This work presents a novel option for the delivery of MSCs from human amniotic membrane (AM-hMSCs) that employs bovine bone matrix Nukbone (NKB) as a scaffold. Thus, the application of MSCs in(More)
INTRODUCTION Although most ischemic strokes are thromboembolic in origin and their management is endovascular or medical, some are haemodynamic in origin and their management may be surgical. We reviewed bypass indications, patient selection and surgical techniques used in our current practice. METHODS Extracranial-intracranial (EC-iC) bypass with(More)
OBJECT Surgical routes to posterior inferior cerebellar artery (PICA) aneurysms are opened between the vagus (cranial nerve [CN] X), accessory (CN XI), and hypoglossal (CN XII) nerves for safe clipping, but these routes have not been systematically defined. The authors describe 3 anatomical triangles and their relationships with PICA aneurysms, routes for(More)