Ana Rita Castro

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Defects in macrophage function have been implicated in the establishment of Crohn's disease (CD). However, the response of macrophages from CD patients to live bacteria, particularly Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis (MAP), has not been addressed. Considering MAP has long been associated to CD, our objective was to assess whether macrophages from(More)
Secondary hyperalgesia in the monoarthritic rat is accompanied by a decrease in nociceptive activation of spinal neurons expressing GABA(B) receptors and by the opposite effect in the cells expressing neurokinin 1 (NK1)-receptors. In order to ascertain the relative role of each receptor, the effects of intrathecal administration of SP-saporin (SP-SAP),(More)
The nociceptive nature of spinal dorsal horn neurons expressing NK1 and gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA)(B) receptors was evaluated in the rat. Immunodetection of the Fos protein, induced by noxious mechanical stimulation of the skin, was combined with immunocytochemistry for NK1 or GABA(B) receptors (double-immunostaining study) or both receptors(More)
During chronic pain, the supraspinal pain modulatory system undergoes plastic changes with enhancement of facilitation transmission at the spinal cord. The changes induced by chronic pain at descending modulation often affect opioidergic modulation, and were never described for a key facilitatory component of the system, the dorsal reticular nucleus (DRt).(More)
Bacterial lipids have relevant applications in the production of renewable fuels and biobased oleochemicals. The genus Rhodococcus is one of the most relevant lipid producers due to its capability to accumulate those compounds, mainly triacylglycerols (TAG), when cultivated on different defined substrates, namely sugars, organic acids and hydrocarbons but(More)
Cadmium is a widespread pollutant that has been associated with oxidative stress, but the mechanism behind this effect in prokaryotes is still unclear. In this work, we exposed two glutathione deficient mutants (ΔgshA and ΔgshB) and one respiration deficient mutant (ΔubiE) to a sublethal concentration of cadmium. The glutathione mutants show a similar(More)
In order to further clarify the role of gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) receptors in spinal sensory processing we have studied the effects of baclofen, a GABA(B) agonist, and midazolam, a benzodiazepine agonist, on the activation of spinal neurones by peripheral innocuous or noxious stimulation, in normal or monoarthritic rats, as signalled by the induction(More)
The neurochemical changes that operate in nociceptive spinal cord circuits during secondary hyperalgesia are largely unknown, in particular with respect to the balance between excitatory and inhibitory neurotransmission. In this study we evaluated the expression of NK1 and GABA(B) receptors in nociceptive spinal neurons in a model of secondary hyperalgesia(More)
The balance between excitatory and inhibitory input exerted upon spinal cord neurones that belong to spinofugal pathways determines the ultimate type of information transmitted to the brain. We compared the relative expression of NK1 and GABAB receptors in two spinomedullary pathways targeting an antinociceptive area and a pronociceptive centre,(More)
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