Ana Rita Amaral

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Here we report the development and characterization of 17 anonymous nuclear markers for cetacean species. These markers were isolated from a genomic library built from a common dolphin (genus Delphinus), and tested across several families within Cetacea. An average of 1 SNP per 272 bp was found in 10 anonymous markers screened for polymorphism within the(More)
Lineages undergoing rapid radiations provide exceptional opportunities for studying speciation and adaptation, but also represent a challenge for molecular systematics because retention of ancestral polymorphisms and the occurrence of hybridization can obscure relationships among lineages. Dolphins in the subfamily Delphininae are one such case.(More)
Climatic oscillations during the Pleistocene have greatly influenced the distribution and connectivity of many organisms, leading to extinctions but also generating biodiversity. While the effects of such changes have been extensively studied in the terrestrial environment, studies focusing on the marine realm are still scarce. Here we used sequence data(More)
Identifying which factors shape the distribution of intraspecific genetic diversity is central in evolutionary and conservation biology. In the marine realm, the absence of obvious barriers to dispersal can make this task more difficult. Nevertheless, recent studies have provided valuable insights into which factors may be shaping genetic structure in the(More)
A clear understanding of population structure is essential for assessing conservation status and implementing management strategies. A small, non-migratory population of humpback whales in the Arabian Sea is classified as "Endangered" on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species, an assessment constrained by a lack of data, including limited understanding of(More)
Natural hybridization may result in the exchange of genetic material between divergent lineages and even the formation of new taxa. Many of the Neo-Darwinian architects argued that, particularly for animal clades, natural hybridization was maladaptive. Recent evidence, however, has falsified this hypothesis, instead indicating that this process may lead to(More)
The rapid evolution of proteins involved in reproduction has been documented in several animal taxa. This is thought to be the result of forces involved in sexual selection and is expected to be particularly strong in promiscuous mating systems. In this study, a range of cetacean species were used to analyze the patterns of evolution in 2 reproductive(More)
The windows can be responsible for unnecessary energy consumption in a building, if incorrectly designed, shadowed or oriented. Considering an annual thermal comfort assessment of a space, if windows are over-dimensioned, they can contribute to the increase of the heating needs due to heat losses, and also to the increase of cooling needs due to(More)
The phylogenetic relationships of the genus Squalius are believed to be well established based on the mitochondrial cytochrome b gene. Here, we inferred the phylogenetic relationships of all species inhabiting most of the western Iberia river systems using a nuclear multi-locus approach and different species tree methods: concatenation and coalescent-based(More)
Building practitioners (architects, engineers, energy managers) are showing a growing interest in the design of more energy efficient and livable buildings. The best way to predict how a building will behave regarding energy consumption and thermal comfort is to use a dynamic simulation tool. However, the use of this kind of tools is difficult on a daily(More)